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Legislative Activities

The state legislatures and Congress must become more aware of the impact of digital technologies on the citizens, residents, and businesses of the United States. This will necessarily include education, briefings, and technical information from researchers and users of the Internet.

All computer and network security methods rely on cryptographic technologies in one form or another. Congress must remove impediments—such as the current classification of all cryptographic technologies as munitions—to domestic production of cryptographic methods. If the technologies cannot be exported, then U.S. companies are at a disadvantage in the world market.

Recognition of digital communications as ''protected speech" as defined in the Constitution would significantly clear the currently muddied waters and greatly simplify the legislative and law-enforcement burden.

"Jurisdiction" is also a current problem. Consider the case of Kevin Mitnick: He was a fugitive from the Los Angeles area, allegedly intruded into computers in the San Francisco area, but was actually in Seattle and Raleigh.

Law-Enforcement Landscape

The law-enforcement landscape is going to change. Along with new technologies for fighting computer crime will come an increased burden for investigation. Education of law-enforcement agents to include computer crimes and methods will help, but it seems inevitable that private computer security investigators will play an increasing role in the prevention, detection, and investigation of computer-related crimes.

Additional Resources

Hafner, Katie, and John Markoff. 1991. Cyberpunk. Simon and Schuster, New York.

Farmer, Daniel, and Eugene H. Spafford, "The COPS Security Checker Systems," Proceedings of the Summer USENIX Conference, pp. 165–170, June 1990.

Stoll, Clifford. 1989. The Cuckoo's Egg. Doubleday, New York.

Tzu, Sun. 1963. Art of War. Oxford University Press, Cambridge.

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