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OCR for page 45
Biomedical Models and Resources: Current Needs and Future Opportunities APPENDIXES     A. Survey instrument         B. Biographical sketches of committee members, agenda, and list of workshop participants         C. Chapter 3 from Models for Biomedical Research: A New Perspective         D. Comparative Medicine Scientists' Report    

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Biomedical Models and Resources: Current Needs and Future Opportunities APPENDIX A SURVEY INSTRUMENT Future Trends in Biomedical Research What is your field of research, and how do you use animals in it? Please check one of the categories listed below and include a brief phrase to describe your system; e.g., if you check "C," the phrase might be "cancer research using transgenic mice" or ''neurobiology and behavior using targeted-mutation mice" or "immunology and transplantation using pigs." The way you respond to this question will help us score the questionnaire. Toxicology. Infectious disease. Physiologic or metabolic studies. Development and/or reproduction. Other. BIOMEDICAL MODELS FOR THE NEXT 5-10 YEARS What are the most important research trends in your field that will drive biomedical research for the next 5–10 years (for example, neurobiology or genetic-based behavioral research)? What are the most important biological models and animal research resources needed to support those trends in the next 5–10 years? Do you know of a model in your field that is underutilized and could be very useful in the near future if properly developed? Please describe this model. This could include a model that is popular in other fields of research but would require some effort to adapt to your field (such as cloned mammals). Is greater emphasis on the development of new models needed in your field of research? Should extra effort be used to overcome the bias that leads an investigator to stick with biological models that are "tried and true"?

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Biomedical Models and Resources: Current Needs and Future Opportunities CURRENT MODELS WAITING TO BE DEVELOPED For the purpose of this study the definition of "biological model" is broad. It includes statistical mathematical models, in vitro cellular models, and laboratory animals. A goal of this study is to find novel, undeveloped models that could serve a broader segment of the research community if their development were supported. What biological models and unique technologies do you use in your research (mathematical, cellular, microelectrodes, and so on)? What new technologies or practices need to be developed for the full realization of the potential of existing models (such as miniaturization of instruments or catheters)? How could the National Institutes of Health (NIH) facilitate the development of a new or underutilized biological model in your field? (A specific example of how the development of a current model could have been accelerated would be a helpful response.) If you feel that valuable biological models in your field have been lost, what are they and what led to their loss? IDENTIFYING NEW BIOLOGICAL MODELS The National Research Council (NRC) has been asked to recommend a rapid, cost-effective method of ranking the importance of proposed biological models. These recommendations will assist the National Institutes of Health (NIH) in setting priorities for the funding of development and support of biological models. Do you feel that new biological models are discovered accidentally, that it is impossible to predict what can develop into a good model? Or, on the basis of experience with biological models, do you think that it is possible to predict the usefulness of a model? Please keep in mind that a biological model can be useful to a large segment of the biomedical research community or vitally important to a narrow segment of researchers. What indicators would you expect an undeveloped or new biological model to have for it to be potentially useful to the biomedical community?