Strategic Questions Facing the United States


• How do we help Russia move from the small-scale quick fixes to finding long-term solutions to systemic problems? How can S&T programs achieve a multiplier effect? How can S&T programs avoid becoming emigration paths? To what extent should the United States rely on multilateral mechanisms in lieu of bilateral approaches?


Developments in Russia: Special Concerns


• To what extent should we be worried about employment alternatives for displaced specialists? What can we do about the decline in cadres of young scientists? Can or should we address the obsolescence in Russian R&D facilities?




Maximizing the Impact of Future U.S. Cooperative Programs


• How can programs become more sustainable? How can the payoffs of S&T programs be measured? Should U.S. agencies attempt to target specific institutes in preference to others for support? In central or outlying regions? How can the impact of programs in individual regions be magnified? How can we make sure the money gets to the researchers for research?


Future Programs That Can Stimulate Reform


• Should the U.S. reorient current efforts? Are there appropriate additional program initiatives? What are the appropriate roles of the U.S. public and private sectors?



The National Academies | 500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement