Click for next page ( 120


The National Academies | 500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement



Below are the first 10 and last 10 pages of uncorrected machine-read text (when available) of this chapter, followed by the top 30 algorithmically extracted key phrases from the chapter as a whole.
Intended to provide our own search engines and external engines with highly rich, chapter-representative searchable text on the opening pages of each chapter. Because it is UNCORRECTED material, please consider the following text as a useful but insufficient proxy for the authoritative book pages.

Do not use for reproduction, copying, pasting, or reading; exclusively for search engines.

OCR for page 119
References 1. Adams, D. B. Wound Ballistics: A Review. Milit. Med. 147: 831-835, 1982. Adams, J. H., D. E. Mitchell, D. I. Graham, and D. Doyle. Diffuse brain damage of an immediate impact type. Brain 100:489-502, 1977. Alexander, J. W. Host defense mechanisms against infection. Surg. Clin. North Am. 52:1367-1378, 1972. 4. Altemeier, W. A. Perspective in surgical infections. Surg. Clin. North Am. 60:5-13, 1980. 5. Amer Loan Academy of Orthopedic Surgeons. Musculoskeletal System Research--Current and Future Research Needs. Chicago, Ill.: 1981. 148 pp. 6. American College of Surgeons, Committee on Trauma. Advanced Trauma Life Support Manual. Chicago, Ill.: American College of Surgeons, 1981. 7. American College of Surgeons, Committee on Trauma. Early Care of the Injured Patient. 2nd ed. Philadelphia, Pa.: W. B. Saunders Company, 1976. 443 pp. 8. American College of Surgeons, Committee on Trauma. Bospital and prehospital resources for optimal care of the injured patient. Bull. Am. Call. Surg. 68:11-21, 1983. Artz, C. P., J. A. Moncrief, and B. A. Pruitt, Eds. Burns Team Approach. Philadelphia, Pa.: W. B. Saunders Company, 1979. 583 pp. 10 . Baker, S. P. Childhood injur ies : The community approach to prevention. J. Pub. Health Poll 2:235-246, 1981. 11. Baker, S. P. Determinants of injury and opportunities for intervention. Am. J. Epidemiol. 101:98-102, 1975. 119

OCR for page 119
120 12. 13. Baker, S. P., and P. E. Dietz. Injury prevention, pp. 53-80. In Healthy People: The Surgeon General's Report on Health Promotion and Disease Prevention. Background Papers. DREW Publication No. (PHS) 79-S5071A. Washington, D.C: U.S. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, 1979. Baker, S. P. and P. E. Dietz. The epidemiology and prevention of injuries, pp. 794-821. In G. D. Zuidema, R. B. Rutherford, and W. F. Ballinger, II, Eds. The Management of Trauma. 3rd ed. Philadelphia, Pa.: W. B. Saunders Co., 1979. Baker, S. P., B. O'Neill, and R. Rarpf . The Injury Fact Book . Lexington , Mass .: Lexington Book s , 1984. 313 pp. Barancik, J. I., B. F. Chatterjee, Y. C. Greene, E. M. Michenzi, and D. Fife. Northeastern Ohio trauma study. I. Magnitude of the problem. Am. J. Pub. Health 73:746-751, 1983. 16. Becker, D. P., J. D. Miller, J. D. Ward, R. P. Greenberg, H. F. Young, and R. Sakalas. The outcome from severe head injury with early diagnosis and intensive management. J. Neurosurg. 47:491-502, 1977. Becker, D. P., and J. T. Povlishok, Eds. Current Status of Central Nervous System Trauma Research: Status Report. Richmond, Va.: Byrd Press. (in press) 18. Bergner, L. Environmental factors in injury control: Preventing falls from heights, pp. 57-60. In A. B. Bergman, Ed. Preventing Childhood Injuries. Report of the 12th Ross Round Table on Critical Approaches to Common Pediatric Problems. Columbus, Ohio: Ross Labor star ies, 1982 . 19. Besson, A., and F. Saege';ser . Color Atlas of Chest Trauma and Associated Injuries. 2 vols. Oradell, N.J.: Medical Economics Books, 1983. 20. Blair, E., C. Topuxulu, and J. B. Davis. Delayed or missed diagnosis in blunt chest trauma. J. Trauma 11 :129-145, 1971. 21. Borkenatein, R. F., R. F. Crc~wther, R. P. Shumate, W. B. Ziel, and R. Zylman. The Role of the Drinking Driver in Traffic Accidents. Bloomington, Ind.: Indiana University Department of Police Administration, 1964. 245 pp. 22. Breakman, R., B. J. A. Schouten, M. Blasow-Van Dishoeck, and J. M. Minderhoud. Megadose steroids in severe head injury: Results of a prospective Environmental factors in iniurv

OCR for page 119
121 double-blind clinical tr ial. J. Neurosurg . 58: 326-330, 1983. Braden, G. Application of commercial aircraft accident investigation techniques to a railroad derailment. Aerospace Med. 45: 772-779, 1974. 24. Brodner, R. A., J. C. Van Gilder, and W. F. Collins, Jr . Exper imental spinal cord trauma: Potentiation by alcohol. J. Trauma 21:124-129, 1981. Bruce, D. A., T. W. Langf itt, J. D. Miller, H. Schutz, M. P. Vapalahti, A. Stanck, and H. I. Goldberg . Regional cerebral blood flow, intracranial pressure, and brain metabolism in comatose patients. J. Neurosurg. 38 :131-144, 1973. 26 . Bruce , D. A., L. Schut, L. A. Bruno, J. H. Wood , and L. N. Sutton. Outcome following severe head in juries in children. J. Neurosurg . 48: 679-688, 1978. 27. Campbell, B. J., and D. W. Reinfurt. The degree of benef i t of belts in reduc ing in jury: An attempt to explain study discrepancies. SAE Technical Paper Ser ies 790684. SAE Trans . 88: 2305-2316, 1979 . 28. Carrico, C. J., P. C. Canizaro, and G. T. Shires. Fluid resuscitation following injury: Rationale for use of balanced salt solutions. Crit. Care Med. 4: 46-54, 1976. 29. Carsten, O., and J. O'Day. Injury Priority Analysis. Task A, Final Report. Report No. TORI 84-24. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Transportation, 1984 . 103 pp. 30. Carter, R. E., and W. H. Donovan. Houston: The Institute for Rehabilitation and Research. Texas South Central Regional Spinal Cord Injury System, 1983 Spinal Cord Center Statistics. 1984. 20 pp. 31. Carson, I . R., O. Siegel, R. Sham, E. A. Campbell , M. Tarlau, and A. DiDomenico. Brain damage in modern boxer=. JAMA 251:2663-2667, 1984. 32. Centers for Disease Control. Table V. Years of potential life lost, deaths, and death rates, by cause of death, and estimated number of physician contacts, by principal diagnosis, United States. Herb. Mart. Weekly Rep. 31:599, 1982. 33 . Champion , a. R., W . J . Sacco , D. S . Hannah , R. L. Lapper, E. S. Atz inger, W. S. . Copes, and R. B. Prall. Assessment of injury severity: The triage index. Crit. Care Med. 8:201-208, 1980.

OCR for page 119
122 34 . Chapanis , A., and L. E. Lindenbaum. A reaction time study of four control-display linkages. Human Factors 1 :1-7, 1959 . Cheng, R., K.-H. Yang, R. S. Levine, and A. I. Ring. Dynamic impact loading of the femur under passive restrained condition, pp. 101-118. SAE 841661. Proceedings of the 28th Stapp Car Crash Conference, 1984. Cleveland, H. C., D. B. Bigelow, D. Dracon, and F. Dusty. A civilian air emergency service--A report of its development, technical aspects and exper i ence. J. Trauma 16: 452-463, 1976. 37. Clifton, G. L. Spinal cord injury in the Houston-Galveston area. Tex. Med. 79:55-57, 1983. 38. Collins, W. F. A review and update of experiment and clinical studies of spinal cord in jury. Paraplegia 21:204-219, 1983. 39. Comptroller General of the United States. Problems in Implementing the Highway Safety Improvement Program. Report to the House Subcommittee on Investigations and Oversight Committee on Public Works, 92nd Cong., 2nd Sess. May 26, 1972. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Trans- portation. 43 pp. 40. Consumer Product Safety Commission. National Electronic Injury Surveillance System Coding Manual. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission, 1983. 28S pp. 41. Cooper, P. R., S. Moody, W. R. Clark, J. Kirkpatrick, R. Maravilla, A. L. Gould, and W. Drane. Dexamethasone and severe head in jury. A prospective double-blind study. J. Neurosurg. S1: 307-316, 1979. 4 2. Coran , A. G., T. V. Ballantine , D. L. Horwitz , and C. M. Berman. The effect of crystalloid resuscitation in hemorrhagic shock on acid-base balance: A comparison between normal saline and Ringer's lactate solutions. Surgery 69:874-880, . 1971. 43. Council on Scientific Affairs. Automobile-related injuries. JAMA 249:3216-3222, 1983. 44. Courville, C. B. The mechanism of coup-con/recoup injuries of the brain: A critical review of recent experimental studies in the light of clinical observations. Bull. Los Angeles Neural. Soc. 15:72-86, 1950.

OCR for page 119
123 45. Davis, J. H. Abdominal trauma, pp. 11-43. In J. J. Byrne, Ed., and H. S. Goldsmith, Ed. in Chief. Goldsmith'= Practice of Surgery. General Surgery, Vol. 2 (Part 2). Ch. 18. Philadelphia, Pa.: Harper & Row, 1984. Davis, J. B. Vascular injuries to the abdomen, pp. 63-86 . In M. D. Rerstein, Ed. Management of Vascular Trauma. Ch. 5 . Baltimore, Md.: University Park Press, 1984. 4?. Davis, J. lI. We 've come a long way, baby, in improving trauma care. Scudder Oration on Trauma. Bull. Am. Coll. Surg. 65 :10-18, 1980. 48. Dietz, P. E. Social factors in rapist behavior, pp. 59-115. In R. T. Rada, Ed. Clinical Aspects of the Rapist. New York: Grune & Stratton, 1978. 49. Dietz, P. E., and S. P. Baker. Drowning: Epidemiology and prevention. Am. J. Pub. Health 64:303-312, 1974. 50. Dimitri javic, M. R., M. M. Dimitri jevic, J. Faganel, and A. M. Sherwood. Suprasegmentally induced motor unit activity in paralyzed muscles of patients with established spinal cord in jury. Ann . Neural . 16: 216-221, 1984 . 51. DiNapoli, N., M. Fitzpatrick, C. Strother , D. Struble, and R. Tanner. Research Safety Vehicle-- Phase II. Vol. II. Comprehensive Technical Results. Report No. DOT-ES-803-250. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Transportation, 1977. 609 pp. 52. Evans, F. G. A Review of Some Pioneering American Research in Biomechanic:s, pp. 3-16. In Advances in Bioengineering. Presented at Winter Annual Meeting of American Society of Mechanical Engineers, Washington, D.C., 1981. 53. Feck, G., M. S. Baptiste, and C. L. Tate, Jr. An Epidemiologic Study of Burn Injuries and Strategies for Prevention. Albany, N.Y.: New York State Department of Health, 1977. 54. Federal Bighway Administration. Annual Evaluation of California's Traffic Safety Program. FLEA Notice. Washington, D.C: O.S. Department of Transportation, 1971. 3S pp. 55. Federal Reporter. 511 F. 2d 101 119753. 56. Flamm, E. S., B. B. Demapoulos, M. L. Seligman, J J. Tomasula, V. DeCrescito, and J. Ransohoff. Ethanol potentiation of central nervous system trauma. J. Neurosurg. 46:328-356, 1977.

OCR for page 119
124 57. Foster, J. R., J. O. Rortge, and M. J. Wolanin. Hybrid III: A biomechanica1ly-based crash test dummy, pp. 975-1014. SAE 770938. Proceedings of the Twenty-First Stapp Car Crash Conference, 1977. 58. Foust, D. R., 8. M. Bowan, and R. G. Snyder. Study of human impact tolerance us ing investigations and simulations of free-falls, pp. 3-59. SAE 770915. Proceedings of the Twenty-First Stapp Car Crash Conference, 1977. 59. Frankel, V. H., and M. Nordin. Basic Biomechanics of the Skeletal System. Philadelphia, Pa.: Lea & Febiger, 1980. 303 pp. 60 . Fr ieden, L., L. Richards, J. Cole , and D. Bailey . ILRU Source Book: A Technical Ass istance Manual on Independent Living . Houston, Tex .: Independent Living Research Utilization Project, 1979. 90 pp. 61. Fung, Y. C. Biomechanics--Mechanical Properties of Living Tissues. Springer Verlag, 1981. 433 pp. 62. Gann, D. S. Endocrine and metabolic response to injury, pp. 1-63. In S. I. Schwartz, Ed. Principles of Surgery. 3rd ed. Vol. 1. New York: McGraw-Hill Book Company, 1979. 63. Gann, D. S. , and J. F. Amaral. Pathophysiology of trauma and shock, pp. 37-104. In G. 2uidema, R. Rutherford, and W. Ballinger, Eds. of Trauma. 4th ed. Saunders, 1985. 64 . Genarelli , T. A., L. E. Thibault, J. H. Adams, D. I. Graham, C. J. Thompson, and R. P. Marcincin. Diffuse axonal injury and traumatic coma in the pr imate. Ann. Neurol . 12: 564-574, 1982 . Ghista, D. N., Ed. Buman Body Dynamics: Impact, Occupational, and Athletic Aspects. Oxford, England: Clarendon Press, 1982. 549 pp. 66. Graham, L. S. Technology, behavior and safety: An empirical study of automobile occupant-protection regulation. Poll Sci. 17:141-151, 1984. 67. Griffen, W. O., R. P. Belin, C. B. Ernst, C. R. Sachatello, M. E. Daugherty, J. J. Mulcahy, V. A. Chuang, and K. I. Maull. Intravenous pyelography in abdominal trauma. J. Trauma 18:387-392, 1978. 68. Gudeman, S. R. , J. D. Mil ler , and D. P. Becker. Failure of high dose steroid therapy to influence intracranial pressure in patients with severe head injury. J. Neurosurg. 51:301-306, 1979. The Management Philadelphia, Pa.: W. B.

OCR for page 119
125 . 69 . Guice, K., K. Oldham, B. Eide , and K. Johansen . Hematur ia after blunt trauma: When is pyelography useful? J. Trauma 23: 305-311, 1983. 7 0 . Gurd j fan, E. S. . Impact Head In jury--Mechan istic, Clinical and Preventive Correlations . Spr ingf ield, Ill.: Charles C Thomas, 1975. 370 pp. 71. Gurdjian, E. S., and E. S. Gurdjian. Cerebral contusions: Re-evaluation of the mechanism of their development. J. Trauma 16: 35-51, 1976 . 72. Haddon, W., Jr. Advances in the epidemiology of in jur ies as a basis for public policy. Pub. Health Rep. 9S :411-421, 1980. Haddon, W., Jr . Explor ing the options, pp. 38-59 . In Research Directions toward the Prevention of Injury in the Young and Old. DHEW Publication No. (NIH) 73-124. Bethesda, Md.: U.S. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, 1973. 74. Haddon, W., Jr. On the escape of tigers: An ecologic note. Technol. Rev. 72:44-53, 1970. 75. Haddon, W., Jr. Reducing the damage of mator-vehicle use. Technol. Rev. 77: 52-59 , 1975. 76 . Haddon, W., Jr ., and S. P. Baker . Injury control , pp. 109-140 . In D. Clark and B. McMahon, Eds. Preventive and Cownunity Medicine. Boston, Mass.: Little, Brown & Co., 1981. 77. Haddon, W., Jr., E. A. Suchman, and D. Rlein. Accident Research: Methods and Approaches. New York: Harper & Row, 1964. 752 pp. 78. Hakkert, A. S., D. M. Zaidel, and E. Sarelle. Patterns of safety belt usage following intro- duction of a safety belt wearing law. Accid. Anal Prev. 13: 65-82, 1981. 79. Mar tunian, N. S., C. N. Smart, and M. S. Thompson. The Incidence and Economic Costs of Ma jor Health Impairments: A Comparative Analysis of Cancer, Motor Vehicle Injuries, Coronary Heart Disease and Stroke. Lexington, Mass.: Lexington Books, 1981. 448 pp. 80. Hassal, C., and W. H. Trethowan. Suicide in Birmingham. Br. Med. J. 1:717-718, 1972. 81. Heppenstall, R. B., Ed. Fracture Trea~ment and Healing. Philadelphia, Pa.: W. B. Saunders Company, 1980. 1087 pp. 82. Hess, R. L., R. Weber, and J. W. Melvin. Review of Literature and Regulation Relating to Bead Impact Tolerance and Injury Criteria. The University of Michigan Highway Safety Research Institute Report .

OCR for page 119
126 No. UM-HSRI-80-52-1 . Spr ingf ield , Va.: National Technical Information Ser,.rice,: 1980. (PB81-123101) 83. Hess, R. L., R. Weber, and J. M. Melvin. Review of research on thoracic impact tolerance and injury Or iter ia related to occupant protection. SAE Technical Paper Series No. 820480. SAE Trans. 91: 1974-2000, 1982. 84. Holdsworth, F. Fractures, dislocations, and fracture-dislocations of the spine. J. Bone Joint Surg. 52A: 1534-1551, 1970. 85. House, E., P. Waller, and J. R. Stewart. Blood alcohol level and injury in traff ic crashes, pp. 348-373. In 26th Annual Proceedings of the American Association for Automotive Medicine, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada, 1982. 86. Institute of Medicine. Responding to Health Needs and Scientific Opportunity: The Organizational Structure of the National Institutes of Health. Washington, D. C.: National Academy Press , 1984 . 93 pp. 87. Jacobs, L. W., A. Sinclair, A. Beiser, and R. B. D'Agostino. Prehospital advanced life support: Benefits in trauma. J. Trauma 24:8-13, 1984. 88. Jennett, B., G. Teasdale, J. Fry, R. Brsakman, J Minderhoud, J. Heiden, and T. Rurze. Treatment for severe head in jury . J . Neural . Neurosurg. Psychiat. 43: 298-295, 1977. 89. Jennett, B., G. Teasdale, S. Galbraith, 3. Pickard, H. Grant, R. Brsakman, C. Avezaat, A. Mass, J. Minderhoud, C. J. Vecht, J. Reiden, R. Small, W. Caton, and T. Rurze. Severe head injuries in three countries. J. Neural. Neurosurg. Psychiat. 40:291-298, 1977. 90. Jones, I., H. Stein, and P. Zador. Influence of truck size and weight on highway crashes. Research Note No 1ns (rev ~ ~~ ' - ~ . Washington, D.C.: Insurance Institute for Highway Safety, 1984. 12 pp. 91. Jorden, R. C. Multiple trauma, pp. 11-128. In P. Rosen, F. J. Baker, II, G. R. Braen, R. M. Dailey, and R. C. Levy, Eds. Emergency Medicine: Concepts and Clinical Practice. Vol. I. St. Louis, Mb.: The C. V. Mosby Company, 1983. 92. Joscelyn, K. B., and R. P. Maickel. Drugs and Driving: A Research Review. Report No. DOT-HS-802-189. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Transportation, 1977. 101 pp.

OCR for page 119
127 93. Ralsbeek, W. D., R. L. McLaur in, B. S. H. Harr is, and J. D. Miller. The national head and spinal cord injury survey: Major findings. J. Neurosurg. 53(Suppl.) :Sl9-S31, 1980. 94. Razarian, L. Injuries of the human spinal column: Biomechanics and injury classification. Exer. Sport Sci. Rev. 9: 297-352, 1981. 95. Rerstein, M. D., Ed. Management of Vascular Trauma. Baltimore, Md.: University Park Press, 1984. 224 pp. 96. Ring, A. Survey of the state of the art of human biodynamics response, pp. 83-120. In K. Saczalski, G. T. Singley, III, W. D. Pilkey, and R. L. Huston, Eds. Aircraft Crashworthiness. Charlottesville, Va.: University of Virginia Press, 1975. Ring, A. I., and C. C. Chou. Mathematical modelling, simulation and exper imental testing of biomechanical system crash response. J. Biomech. 9: 301-317, 1976. 98. Kraus, J. F. Epidemiology of brain injury. In P. R. Cooper, Ed. Head In jury. 2nd ed. Baltimore, Md.: Williams and Wilkins. (in press) 99. Rraus, J. F., M. A. Black, N. Hessol, P. Ley, W. Rokaw, C. Sullivan, S. Bowers, S. Knowlton, and L. Marshall. The incidence of acute brain injury and serious impairment in a defined population. Am. J. Epidemiol . 119 :186-201, 1984 . 100. Rraus, J. F., C. E. Franti, R. S. Riggins, D. Richards, and N. O. Borhani. Incidence of trauma tic spinal cord les ions . J. Chron . DiS . 28: 471-492, 1975. 101. Rroell, C. R., C. W. Gadd, and D. C. Schneider. Biomechanias in crash injury research, pp. 199-219. In 19th International ISA Aerospace Instrumentation Symposium. Pittsburgh, Pa.: Instrument Society of America, 1973. 102. Rrouskop, T. A., P. C. Noble, S. L. Garber, and W. A. Spencer. The effectiveness of preventive management in reducing the occurrence of pressure sores. J. Rehab. R. D. 20:74-83, 1983. 103. Langfitt, T. W., and T. A. Gennarelli. Can the outcome from head injury be improved? J. Neurosurg. 56:19-25, 1982. 104. Lau, V.-R., and D. C. Viano. An experimental study on hepatic injury from belt-restraint loading. Aviat. Space Environ. Med. 52:611-617, 1981.

OCR for page 119
128 105. Lau, V.-K., and D. C. Viano. Influence of impact velocity and chest compression on experimental pulmonary injury severity in rabbits. J. Trauma 21:1022-1028, 1981. 106. Lau, V.-K., and D. C. Viano. Influence of impact velocity on the severity of nonpenetrating hepatic injury. J. Trauma 21:115-123, 1981. 107. Liedtke, A. J., and W. E. DeMuth, Jr. Effects of alcohol on cardiovascular performance after experimental nonpenetrating chest trauma. Am. J Cardiol. 35:243-250, 1975. 108. Liedtke, A. J., and W. E. DeMuth, Jr. Non- penetrating cardiac injuries: A collective review. Am. Heart J. 86:687-697, 1973. 109. Lucas, C. E., A. M. Ledgerwood, R. F. Higgins, and D. W. Weaver. Impaired pulmonary function after albumin resuscitation from shock. J. Trauma 20:446-451, 1980. 110. Lund, A. K., and A. F. Williams. The effectiveness of post-licensure driver training: A review of defensive dr iving course literature. Washington, D.C.: Insurance Institute for Highway Safety, 1984. 25 pp. 111. Lund, A. K., and P. Zador . Mandatory belt use and driver risk taking. Risk Anal. 4 :41-53, 1984. 112. Marshall, L. F. , D. B. Becker , S. A. Bowers , C. Cayard, H. Eisenberg, C. R. Gross, R. G. Grossman, J. A. Jane, S. C. Runitz, R. Rimel, K. Tabaddor, and J. Warren. The National Traumatic Coma Bank O 1. Design, purpose, goals and results. J. Neurosurg. 59:276-284, 1983. 113. McFarland, R. A., and R. C. Moore. Human factors in highway safety. New Engl. J. Med. 2S6:792-799, 837-84S, 890-897, 1957. 114 . McMeek in , R. General investigation of accidents, pp. 13-28. In K. Saczalski, G. T. Singley, III, W. D. Pilkey, and R. L. Huston, Eds. Aircraf t Crashworthiness. Charlottesville, Va.: University of Virginia Press, 1975. Menaker, L., Ed. Biologic Basis of Wound Healing. Hagerstown, Md.: Harper & Row, Publishers, 1975. 344 pp. 116. Hertz, H. J., and C. W. Gadd. Thoracic tolerance to whole-body deceleration, pp. 135-137. SAE 710852. Proceedings of the Fifteenth Stapp Car Crash Conference, 1971.

OCR for page 119
129 Miller, J. D. Disorders of cerebral blood flow and intracranial pressure after head in jury. Clin. Neurosurg . 29 :162-1?3, 1982 . 118. Moore, F. D., F. J. Dagher, C. M. Boyden, C. J. Lee, and J. B. Lyons. Hemorrhage in normal man. I. Distribution and dispersal of saline infusions following acute blood loss: Clinical kinetics of blood volume support. Ann. Surg. 163:485-522, 1966. 119. Moss, G. S., R. O. Lowe, J. Jilek, and R. D. Levine. Colloid or crystalloid in ache resus- ci~ation of hemorrhagic shock: A controlled clinical trial. Surgery 89: 434-438, 1981. 120. Muliner, R., F. J. Nusum, and D. Matthews. Inpatient medical rehabilitation: Results of the 1981 survey of hospitals and units. Arch. Phys. Med. Reverb. 64: 354-358, 1983. 121. Nahum, A. kI., and J. Melvin, Eds. The Biomechanics of Trauna. Norwalk, Conn.: Appleton-Century- Crofts, 1985. 476 pp. 1 22 . Nahum, A. M., and A. W. S. iegel . Statement, pp . 80-124. In Implementation of the National Traffic and Motor Vehicle Safety Act of 1966, Bearing before the U.S. Senate Committee on Commerce, 90th Cong e, 2nd Sess ., Apt il 2S, 1968 . Ser ial No. 90-89. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office. [U.S. GPO Publishing No. 98-636] 123. National Center for Health Statistics. Current Estimates frown ache National Bealth Interview Survey, United States. Ser ies 10, No . 141, 1981 . Dam Publication No. (PBS ) 82-1569 . Byatts~rille, Md.: U.S. Department of Bealth and Human Services, 1982. 124. National Center for Health Statistical Multiple causes of death in the United States, p. 13. In Monthly Vital Statistics Report. itol. 32. DUES Publication No. {PES) 84-1120. Hyattsville, Md.: U.S. Department of Bealth and Human Services, 1984. 125. National Center for Health Statistical Physicians' ViBit8, Volume and Interval since Last Visit, United States, 1980. Data from the National Bealth Survey. Ser ies 10, No. 144, 1983 . Dow Public:ation No. (PlIS) 83-1572. }Iyatteville, Md.: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 1983. 85 pp.

OCR for page 119
130 126. 127. 128. 129. National Center for Health Statistics. Vital Statistics of the United States, 1978. Vol. II. Mortality. Hyattsville, ad.: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 1981. National Highway Traf f ic Safety Administration . Fatal Accident Reporting System, 1982. Report No. DOT-HS-806-566. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Transportation, 1984. 104 pp. National Highway Traffic Safety Administration. Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standard 208: Occupant Crash Protection. 49CFR 571.208 . 1976 . National Highway Traff ic Safety Administration. Head and Neck Injury Criteria--A Consensus Workshop. Report No. DOT-HS-806-434 . Washington, D. C.: U. S. Department of Transportation, 1983. 253 pp. 130. National Highway Traffic Safety Administration. The Economic Cost to Society of Motor Vehicle Accidents. Report No. DOT-HS-806-342. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Transportation, 1983. 262 pp. National Highway Traffic Safety Administration. The National Accident Sampling System: A Status Report. Vol. 1. The Objectives of the National Accident Sampling System. Report No. DOTE 804-27. U.S. Department of Transportation, 1979. 27 pp. 132. National Highway Traffic Safety Administration. The National Accident Sampling System, 1982. Report No. DOT ES 806 530. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Transportation, 1984. 48 pp. 133. National Institute of Handicapped Research. Independent Living Research Utilization Project. G0083-00-521, Department of Education, 1983-1984. 134. National Institute.of Neurological and Communicative Disorders and Stroke , Office of Biometry and Field Studies. The National Head and Spinal Cord Injury Survey. Bethesda, Md.: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 1980. 16 pp. National Transportation Safety Board. Special Study: Fatal Highway Accidents on Wet Pavement. The Magnitude, Location, and Characteristics. Report No. NTSB-ESS-80-1. Washington, D.C.: National Transportation Safety Board, 1980. 65 pp. 136. National Transportation Safety Board. The Status of General Aviation Aircraft Crashworthiness. Report No. NTSB-SR-80-2. Washington, D.C.: National Transportation Safety Board, 1980. 67 pp.

OCR for page 119
131 137. Neathery, R. F., C. K. Rroell, and H. J. Mertz . Prediction of thoracic injury from dummy responses, pp. 295-316. SAE 7511S1. Proceedings of the Nineteenth Stapp Car Crash Conference, 1975. 138. Nedas, N., G. Balcar, and P. Macy. Road markings as an alcohol countermeasure in traffic safety: A field test of standard and wide edgelines. Hasbrouck Heights. N.J . P~tt~ra Tn~'ct r;~- 1981. 73 pp. 139 . Noyes , F. R., and E. S. . Grood . The strength of the anterior cruciate ligament in humans and rhesus monkeys. J. Bone Joint Surg . 58A: 1074-1082, 1976 . 14 0 . Obr ist , W. D., T. A. Gennarelli , H. . Segawa , L. D . Hudson , and C. J. Car rico. Relation of cerebral blood flow to neurological status and outcome i n head-injured patients. 1979. -I , - ,- .__~-- ^~-~e-~ Inc., J. Neurosurg . 51: 292-300, 141. Ommaya, A. K., R. L. Grubb, Jr., and R. A. Naumann. Coup and contra-coup inj ury: Observations on the mechanics of vis ible brain injuries in the rhesus monkey. J. Neurosurg. 3S: 503-516, 1971. Orr, L. D. The effectiveness of automobile safety regulation: Evidence from the FARS data. Am. J. Pub. Health 74:1384-1389, 1984. Panel on Research Programs to Aid the Handicapped. Report to the Committee on Science and Technology, U. S. House of Representatives, 95th Congress, 2nd Session. Serial V. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1978. 144. Pearn, J. H., R. Y. K. Hong, J. Brown, ITI, Y. C. Ching , R. Bar t , Jr ., and S. H=onnar . Drowning and near-drowning involving children: A f ive-year total population study from Me city and county of Hono, ulu. Am. J. Pub. Realty 69: 450-454, 1979. 145 . Peltzman, S. The effects of automobile safety regulation. J. Poll Econ. 83: 677-725, 1975. 146. Pepe, P. E., R. T. Potkin, D. H. Reus, L. D. Hudson, and C. J. Carrico. Clinical predictors of the adult respiratory distress syndrome. Am. J. Surg. 144 :124-130, 1982. 147. Perloff, J. D., S. A. LeBailly, P. R. Kletke, P. P. Budetti, and J. P. Connelly. Premature death in the United States: Years of life lost and health pr for Sties. J . Pub. Health Pol . 5 :167-184, 1984 . 148. Pitts, J. C., II , and N. Be Peterson. Penetrating in juries of the ureter. J. Trauma 21: 978-982, 1981. _ , ~

OCR for page 119
132 149. Pitts, L. H., and J. V. Kaktis. Effect of megadose steroids on ICP in traumatic coma, pp. 638-642. In K. Shulman, A. Marmurou, J. D. Miller, D. O. Becker, G. Hochwald, and M. Brock, Eds. Intracranial Pressure. IV. New York: Springer-Veriag, 1980. 150. Portnoy, H. D., J. H. McElhaney, J. W. Melvin, and P. D. Croissant. Mechanism of cervical spine in jury in auto accidents, pp. 58-83 . Proceedings of 15th Annual Conference of American Association for Automotive Medicine, 1971. lSl. Preusser, D. F., and R. D. Blomberg. Reducing child pedestrian accidents through public education. J. Safety Res. 15:47-56, 1984. 152. Public Law 95602. Rehabilitation, Comprehensive Services, and Developmental Disabilities Amendments of 1978. 95th Congress, 1978. 153. Ransohoff, J., and M. Shannon. Neurological injurzes--spinal cord, pp. 62-85. In M. H. Worth, Jr., Ed. Principles and Practice of Trauma Care. Baltimore, Md.: Williams and Wilkins, 1982. 154. Rausch, A. R., J. Wong, and M. Kirkpatrick. A field test of two single center, high mounted brake light systems. Accid. Anal. Prev. 14 :287-291, 1982 15S. Reilly, R. E., D. S. Burke, and C. C. Bukenmaier, Jr. Validation of the Reduction of Rear-End Collisions by a High Mounted Auxiliary Stoplamp. Report No. DOT-HS-805-360. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Transportation, 1980. 53 pp. 156. Rieser, R. G., and J. Chabal. Laboratory studies on laminated safety glass and installations on performance, pp. 76-116. SAE 690799. Proceedings of the Thirteenth Stapp Car Crash Conference, 1969. 157. Rimel, R. W. , B. Giordani, J. T. Barth, J. T. Boll, and J. A. Jane. Dis~bility caused by minor head injury. Neurosurgery 9:221-228, 1981. 158. Robertson, L. S. A critical analysis of Peltzman's ~The effects of automobile safety regulation.. J. Econ. Iss. 11:587-600, 1977. IS9. Robertson, L. S. Automobile safe~cy regulation: Rebutts1 and new data. Am. J. Pub. Health 74: 1390-1394, 1984. 160. Robertson, L. S. Automobile safety regulations and death reductions in the United State~. Am. J. Pub. Bealth 71:818-822, 1981. 161. Robertson, L. S. Behavioral research and strategies in public health: A demur. Soc. Sci. Med. 9: 165-170, 1975.

OCR for page 119
133 162. Robertson, L. S. Crash involvement of teenaged driver'; when driver education is eliminated from high school. Am. J. Pub. Health 70: 599-603, 1980 . 163. Robertson, L. S. Injuries: Causes, Control Strategies, and Public Policy. Lexington, Mass.: Lexington Books, 1983. 219 pp. 164 . Rober tson, L. S. . In jury epidemiology and the reduction of harm, pp. 220-239. In D. Mechanic, Ed. Handbook of Health, Health Care, and the Health Professions. New York: The Free Press, 1983 . 165 . Robertson, L. S. Public perception and behavior in relation to vehicle passenger restraints, pp. 11-20. In V. T. Covello, W. G. Flaxen, J. V. Rodricks, and R. G. Tardiff, Eds. The Analysis of Actual Versus Perceived Risks. New York: Plenum Press, 1983. 166. Robertson, L. S. The effects of new-car safety regulations on fatality rates. Best 's Review 77: 22+, 1976. 167. Robertson, L. S., and S. P. Baker. Prior violation records of 1447 dr ivers i evolved in fatal crashes . Accid. Anal. Prev. 7 :121-128, 1975. 168. Rosenberg, M. L., R. J. Gelles, P. C. Bolinger, M. A. Hahn, J. M. Conn, N. N. Fabian, and T. A. Rarlson. Violence--Homicide, Assault, Suicide . Presented at the Closing the Gap. Health Policy Consultation, November 26-28, 1984, at The Car ter Center of Emory University, Atlanta, Ga . 165 pp. 169. Ross, H. L. Deterring the Drinking Driver: Legal Policy and Social Control. Lexington, Mass.: Lexington Book`;, 1982. 160 pp. 170. Rutherford, G. W., R. B. Miles, V. R. Brown, and B. MacDonald. Overview of Sporte-Related Injuries to Persons 5-14 Years of Age. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission, 1981. 51 pp. 171. Saul, T. G., and T. B. Ducker. Effect of intracranial pressure monitoring and aggressive treatment on mortality in severe head injury. J. Neurosurg . 56: 498-503, 1982. 172. Schneider, R. C. Cervical spine and spinal cord in jur ies . Mich . Med. . 63: 773-786, 1964 . Seelig, J. M., D. P. Becker, J. D. Miller, R. P. Greenberg, J. D. Ward, and S. C. Choi . Traumatic acute subdural hematoma. Major mortality reduction in comatose patients treated within four hours. N. Engl. J. Med. 304 :1511-1518, 1981.

OCR for page 119
134 174. Shatney, C. H., K. Deepika, P. R. Militello, T. C. Majerus, and R. B. Dawson. Efficacy of hetastarch in the resuscitation of patients with multisystem trauma and shock. Arch. Surg. 118:804-809, 1983. 175. Shin, B., T. C. McAslan, J. R. Hankins, R. J. Ayella, and R. A. Cowley. Management of lung contusion. Am. Surg. 45:168-175, 1979. 176. Shires, G. T., Ed. Care of the Trauma Patient. 2nd ed. New York: McGraw-Hill Book Co., 1979. 642 pp. 177. Smith, G. S., and P. Coleman. unintentional Injuries: Intervention Strategies and Their Potential for Reducing Human Losses. Presented at the Closing the Gap. Health Policy Consultation, November 26-28, 1984, at The Carter Center of Emory University, Atlanta, Ga. 129 pp. 178. Smith, R. N., and T. N. Tamburri. Direct costs of California state highway accidents. Highway Res. Rec. 225:9-29, 1968. 179. Snyder, R. G. General Aviation Aircraft Crashworthiness: An Evaluation of FAA Safety Standards for Protection of Occupants in Crashes. Washington, D.C.: Aircraft Owners and Pilots Association, 1981. 234 pp. 180. Snyder, R. G. Human tolerances to extreme impacts in free fall. Aerospace Med. 34:695-709, 1963. 181. Snyder, R. G. Impact, pp. 221-296. In J. F. Parker and V. R. West, EdS. Bioastronautics Data Book. NASA Publication No. SP-3006. Washington, D. C.: National Aeronautics and Space Admin- istration, 1973. 182. Snyder, R. G. Man's survivability of extreme forces in free-fall impact, pp. 5-1 5-3 . In Linear Acceleration of Impact Type. Advisory Group for Aerospace Research and Development Conference, Proceedings No. 88, 1971. Snyder, R. G. Survival in airplane crashes. UMTRI Res. Rev. 13:1-11, 1983. 184. Snyder, R. G. Ultra-high impact free-fall survival. Physiologist 22 :S83-S84, 1979 . 185. Social Security Administration. Work Disability in the United States: A Char tbook. SSA Publication No. 13-11978. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 1980. 42 pp. 186. Society of Automotive Engineers. Advances in Belt Restraint Systems: Design, Performance and Usage. SAE Publication P-141. Warrendale: Society of Automotive Engineers, Inc., 1984. 147 pp.

OCR for page 119
135 187. Society of Automotive Engineers. Crash Protection. SAE Special Publication SP-513. Warrendale: Society of Automotive Engineers, Inc., 1982. 205 pp. 188. Society of Automotive Engineers. Field Accidents: Data Collection, Analysis, Methodologies, and Crash In jury Reconstructions. SAE Publication P-159 . War rendale : Society of Automotive Engineers, Inc., 1985. 415 pp. 1890 Society of Automotive Engineers. Human Tolerance to Impact Conditions as Related to Motor Vehicle Design. SAE J 885. Handbook Supplement HSJ885. Warrendale: Society of Automotive Engineers, Inc., 1980. 20 pp. Society of Automotive Engineers. Mathematical Simulation of Occupant and Vehicle Kinematics. SAE Publication P-146. Warrendale: Society of Auto- motive Engineers, Inc., 1984. 164 pp. 191. Society of Automotive Engineers. Occupant Crash Interaction with the Steering System. SAE Special Publication SP-507. Warrendale: Society of Automotive Engineers, Inc., 1982. 440 pp. 192. Staggering cost of 'serious auto crashes continues. J. Am. Insurance 39 :10-13, 1983. 193. Stapp, J. P. Voluntary human tolerance levels, pp. 308-351. In E. S. Gurdi fan, W. A. Lange, L. M. Patr ick, and L. M. Thomas, Eds. Impact In jury and Crash Protection. Springfield, Ill.: Charles C Thomas, 1970 . 94 . Stapp, J. . P . Whole body tolerance to impact, pp . 228-230. In P. L. Altman and D. S. Dittmer, Eds. Environmental Biology. Bethesda, Ed.: Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology, 1966. 195. Stein, B. Fleet B perience with Daytime Running Lights in the United States--Preliminary Results. Washington, D.C.: Insurance Institute for Bighway Safety, 1984. 26 pp. 196. Strich, S. J. Shearing of nerve fibers as a cause of brain damage due to head injury: A pathological study of twenty cases. Lancet 2:443-448, 1961. Thum, D., ]1. Wechaler, and B. W. Depone, Jr. Alcohol levels of emergency service patients injured in fights and assaults. Criminology 10: 487-497, 1973. 198. Transportation Research Board. Fifty-five: A Decade of Experience. Special Report 204.

OCR for page 119
136 Washington , D. C.: National Academy Press , 1984 . 262 pp. 199 . U. S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Health Care Financing Administration. International Classif ication of Diseases . 9th rev. Clinical Modif ication: ICD-9-CM. 2nd ed. Vol. 1. Diseases; Tabular List. Vol. 2. Diseases; Alphabetic Index. Vol. 3. Procedures; Tabular List and Alphabetic Index. DUES Publication No. (PHS) 80-1260. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Depar tment of Health and Human Services , 1980. 2 00. V:ano, D. C. Considerations for a femur in jury criterion, pp. 443-473. SAE 770925. In Proceedings of the Twenty-First Stapp Car Crash Conference. Warrendale: Society of Automotive Engineers, 1977. 201. Viano, D. C. Thoracic injury potential, pp. 142-156. In Proceedings of the 1978 International Conference on the Biokinetics of Impact JACOBI). Bron, France: International Research Committee on Biokinetics of Impacts Secretariat, 1978. Viano, D. C., C. C. Culver, and R. C. Haut. Bolster impacts to the knee and tibia of human cadavers and an anthropomorphic dummy, pp. 401-428. SAE 780896. In Proceedings of the Twenty-Second Stapp Car Crash Conference. Warrendale: Society of Automotive Engineers, 1978. 203. Viano, D. C., and V.-R. Lau. Role of impact velocity and chest compression in thoracic injury. Aviat. Space Environ. Med. 54:16-21, 1983. 204. Viano, D. C., and R. L. Stalnaker. Mechanisms of femoral fracture. J. Biomech ~ 13: 701-715, 1980 . Von Gierke, B. E., and J. W. Brinkley. Impact accelerations, pp. 214-246. Tn M. Calvin and O. G . Gazenko, Eds. Foundations of- Space Biology and Medicine. Ecological and Physiological Bases of Space Biology and Medicine. Vol. II. Book 1. Washington, D. C.: National Aeronautics and Space Administration, 1975. 206. Waller, J. A. AlCohol and unintentional in jury, pp. 307-349. In B. Rissin and H. Begleiter, Eds. The Biology of Alcoholism. Vol. 4. New York: Plenum Publishing Corporation, 1976. 207. Waller, J. A. A systems model for safety program evaluation. Accid. Anal. Prev. 12:1-5, 1980.

OCR for page 119
137 208. Waller, J. A. Drugs and highway crashes: Can we separate fact from fancy? JAMA 215:1477-1482, 1971. 209. Waller, J. A. Injury Control: A Guide to the Causes and Prevention of Trauma. Lexington, Mass.: Lexington Books, 1984. 643 pp. 210. Waller, J. A., and D. Klein. Society, energy, and injury: Inevitable triad?, pp. 1-37. In Research Directions toward the Reduction of Injury in the Young and Old. DHEW Publication No. (NIH) 73-124. Bethesda, Md.: U.S. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, 1973. Watkins, G. M., A. Rabelo, R. G. Bevilacqua, M. F. Brennan, J. R. Omochowski, M. R. Ball, and F. D. Moore. Bodily changes in repeated hemorrhage. Surg. Gynecol. Obstet. 139:162, 1974. Watson, G. S., P. L. Zador, and A. Wilks. The repeal of helmet use laws and increased motorcyclist mortality in the United States, 1975-1978. Am. J. Pub. Health 70:579-585, 1980. Weems, W. L. Management of genitourinary injuries in patients with pelvic fractures. Ann. Surg. 189:717-723, 1979. 214. Weigelt, J. A., R. A. Mitchell, and W. H. Snyder. Early positive end-expiratory pressure in the adult respiratory distress syndrome. Arch . Surg . 114:497-501, 1979. 215. West, J., D. D. Trunkey, and R. C. Lim. Systems of Trauma Care: A study of two countries. Arch. Surg. 114: 455-460, 1979. 216 . Wiener, E. L. The elder ly pedestr fan : Response to an enforcement campaign. Traffic Safety Res. Rev. 12: 100-110, 1968. 217. Wilde, G. J. S. Cr itical issues in r isk homeostasis theory. Risk Anal. 2: 249-258, 1982. 218. Williams, A. F., and B. O'Neill. Seat belt laws: Implications for occupant protection. SAE Trans. 88:106, Abstr . 790683, 1979. 219 . Williams, A. F., M. A. Peat, D. J. Crouch, J. R. Wells, and B. S. Finkle. Drugs in fatally in jured young male dr ivers. Pub. Healtb Rep. 100 :19-25, 1985. 220. Williams, A. F., and J. K. Wells. E`raluation of the Rhode Island child restraint law. Am. J. PUb. Health 71: 742-743, 1981. 221. Williams, A. F., J. K. Wells, and A. K. Lund. Voluntary seat belt use among h igh school students. Accid. Anal. Prev. 15: 161-165, 1983.

OCR for page 119
138 222. Wilson, R. F., D. B. Gibson , and D. Antonenko . Shock and acute respiratory failure after chest trauma. J. Trauma 17: 697-705, 1977. 2 23 . Young , J. . S. ., P. E. Burns , A. M. Bowen , and R. McCutchen. Spinal Cord In jury Statistics: The Exper fence of the Regional Model Systems . Phoenix, Ar in .: Good Samar itan Medical Center, 198 2 .