Title IX: Miscellaneous

Title XX—Social Services Block Grant

Title XX social services block grant program provided assistance to states to enable them to furnish services directed at: (1) achieving or maintaining economic self-support to prevent, reduce, or eliminate dependency; (2) achieving or maintaining self-sufficiency, including reduction or prevention of dependency; (3) preventing or remedying neglect, abuse, or exploitation of children and adults unable to protect their own interests, or preserving rehabilitating or reuniting families; (4) preventing or reducing inappropriate institutional care by providing for community-based care, home-based care, or other forms of less intensive care; and (5) securing referral or admission for institutional care when other forms of care were not appropriate, or providing services to individuals in institutions. Funding for the Social Services Block Grant was capped at $2.8 billion a year. Funds were allocated among states according to the state's share of its total population.

Annual funding for the Social Services Block Grant is $2.38 billion in FYs 1996-2002, and $2.8 billion in FY 2003 and each succeeding fiscal year. (The omnibus spending bill changed the FY 1997 spending level for SSBG and appropriated $2.5 billion for that year.) Non-cash vouchers for families that become ineligible for cash assistance under family caps or Title IV-A time limits are authorized as an allowable use of Title XX funds.

Drug Testing

No provision.

Nothing in federal law prohibits states from performing drug tests on recipients or from sanctioning recipients who test positive for controlled substances.

Abstinence Education

No provision.

Starting in FY 1998, $50 million a year in mandatory funds will be added to the appropriations of the Maternal and Child Health (MCH) Block Grant. The funds will be allocated to states using the same formula used for Title V MCH block grant funds. Funds will enable states to provide abstinence education with the option of targeting the funds to high risk groups (i.e., groups most likely to bear children out-of-wedlock). Education activities are explicitly defined.

The National Academies | 500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement