TABLE 6-1 U.S. Military Practices and Policies for Female Personnel: Pregnancy and Postpartum Periods




Air Force

Marine Corps

Coast Guard


•Exempt from body composition, fitness testing (AR 40-501, 1995)

•Exempt from body composition, fitness testing

•Exempt from body composition, fitness testing

•Full-duty status and deployable until medical officer certifies that full duty is medically inadvisable

•Exempt from body composition testing



•20-wk Rule (no shipboard duty after 20th week of gestation)

•Restrictions based on work environment

•May not participate in contingency operations or be deployed for operations aboard Navy vessels

•>28 weeks, 40-h work week; no overseas duty


•At 20 weeks, standing at parade rest/attention < 15 minutes

•6-h Rule (medical evacuation for ER must be within 6 hours) (OPNAVINST 6000.1A, 1989)

•Pregnant members assigned to areas without obstetrical care will have assignment curtailed by 24th week (AFI 44-102, 1996)

•Flight personnel are grounded unless cleared by medical waiver

•Other duty restrictions based on work environment; no rescue swimmer duties


•At 28 weeks, 40-h week/8-h day

•40-h work week


•Excused from duties (physical training or standing in formation) that in the opinion of the medical officer are hazardous to her health or to her unborn child

•Not deployable during 20th week through 6 months postpartum



•Standing at parade rest/attention no more than 20 minutes


•Remains available for worldwide assignment

•Time to medical evacuation for emergencies < 3 hours





•Pregnant Marines stationed in Hawaii will not be detached after their 6th month; if overseas, they may be detached at their normal rotation tour date; if assigned to shipboard duty, the Marine will be reassigned at first opportunity and no later than the 20th week of pregnancy

•No flight duties after 2nd trimester






•Prenatal sick leave not to exceed 30 days

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