H Biographical Sketches

BARBARA O. SCHNEEMAN (Chair) serves as Dean, College of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences and Professor of Nutrition in the Departments of Nutrition and of Food Science and Technology and in the Division of Clinical Nutrition and Metabolism (School of Medicine), University of California, Davis. Her professional activities include membership on the Dietary Guidelines Advisory Committee, the Board of Trustees of the International Life Sciences Institute America, and the editorial boards of Proceedings of the Society of Experimental Biology and Medicine, Food and Nutrition Series of Academic Press, Nutrition Reviews, Journal of Nutrition, and California Agriculture. Professional honors for Dr. Schneeman include the Samuel Cate Prescott award for research, the Future Leader Award, and several honorary lectureships. She received her B.S. in food science and technology from the University of California, Davis; Ph.D. in nutrition from the University of California, Berkeley; and postdoctoral training in gastrointestinal physiology at Children's Hospital in Oakland. Dr. Schneeman's research areas include fat absorption, complex carbohydrates, and gastrointestinal function, and she has a strong interest in and appreciation for nutritional issues that affect women throughout the lifecycle.

ROBERT O. NESHEIM (Vice Chair) was Vice President of Research and Development and later Science and Technology for the Quaker Oats Company; he retired in 1983. Before his



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--> H Biographical Sketches BARBARA O. SCHNEEMAN (Chair) serves as Dean, College of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences and Professor of Nutrition in the Departments of Nutrition and of Food Science and Technology and in the Division of Clinical Nutrition and Metabolism (School of Medicine), University of California, Davis. Her professional activities include membership on the Dietary Guidelines Advisory Committee, the Board of Trustees of the International Life Sciences Institute America, and the editorial boards of Proceedings of the Society of Experimental Biology and Medicine, Food and Nutrition Series of Academic Press, Nutrition Reviews, Journal of Nutrition, and California Agriculture. Professional honors for Dr. Schneeman include the Samuel Cate Prescott award for research, the Future Leader Award, and several honorary lectureships. She received her B.S. in food science and technology from the University of California, Davis; Ph.D. in nutrition from the University of California, Berkeley; and postdoctoral training in gastrointestinal physiology at Children's Hospital in Oakland. Dr. Schneeman's research areas include fat absorption, complex carbohydrates, and gastrointestinal function, and she has a strong interest in and appreciation for nutritional issues that affect women throughout the lifecycle. ROBERT O. NESHEIM (Vice Chair) was Vice President of Research and Development and later Science and Technology for the Quaker Oats Company; he retired in 1983. Before his

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--> retirement in 1992, he was Vice President of Science and Technology and President of the Advanced HealthCare Division of Avadyne, Inc. During World War II, he served as a Captain in the U.S. Army. Dr. Nesheim has served on the Food and Nutrition Board (FNB), currently chairing the Committee on Military Nutrition Research and formerly chairing the Committee on Food Consumption Patterns and serving as a member of several other committees. He also was active in the Biosciences Information Service (as Board Chairman), American Medical Association, American Institute of Nutrition, Institute of Food Technologists, and Food Reviews International editorial board. Dr. Nesheim's academic services included Professor and Head of the Department of Animal Science at the University of Illinois, Urbana. He is a Fellow of the American Institute of Nutrition and American Association for the Advancement of Science and a member of several professional organizations. Dr. Nesheim holds a B.S. in agriculture, an M.S. in animal science, and a Ph.D. in nutrition and animal science from the University of Illinois. NANCY F. BUTTE is Associate Professor of Pediatrics, Children's Nutrition Research Center, Department of Pediatrics, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas. She is a current member of the International Dietary Energy Consultancy Group Steering Committee and executive committee for the International Society for Research on Human Milk and Lactation and for the Society for International Nutrition Research, and a former member of the Institute of Medicine Subcommittee on Nutritional Status and Weight Gain during Pregnancy and of the Expert WHO Committee on Physical Status: The Use and Interpretation of Anthropometry. Dr. Butte received her B.S. in food and nutritional sciences, M.P.H. in public health nutrition, and Ph.D. in nutritional sciences from the University of California, Berkeley, and she is a registered dietitian. Her research experience includes nutritional needs during pregnancy and lactation, including her current focus on military women. JOAN M. CONWAY is a Research Chemist with the ARS Beltsville Human Nutrition Center, Diet and Human Performance Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland and Graduate Adjunct Faculty, Department of Human Nutrition, University of Maryland, College Park. Dr. Conway has a B.A. in chemistry from St. Joseph's College in Brooklyn, Master's in science education from City College of New York, Master's in human nutrition from Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, and Ph.D. in nutritional biochemistry and metabolism from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, and she is a registered dietitian. Her research activities for USDA includes ethnic/racial influences on body composition, physical activity, and free-living energy metabolism in women, body composition methodology, and stable isotope studies among Navy divers and other military Special Forces. Currently, she is a consultant at the Food and Nutrition Division of FAO in Rome, where she is facilitating the planning and execution of a proposed Joint FAO/WHO Expert Consultation on Vitamin and Minerals. STEVEN B. HEYMSFIELD is Professor of Medicine at Columbia University, College of Physicians and Surgeons in New York. He also currently serves as Deputy Director of the New York Obesity Research Center and is Director of the Human Body Composition Laboratory. Dr. Heymsfield is immediate past President of the American Society of Parenteral and Enteral

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--> Nutrition and is an active member of the American Society of Clinical Nutrition and the North American Society for the Study of Obesity. He was recently made and honorary member of the American Dietetic Association. He received his B.A. in chemistry from Hunter College of the City University of New York and M.D. from Mt. Sinai School of Medicine. Dr. Heymsfield has done extensive research and has clinical experience in the areas of body composition, weight cycling, nutrition, and obesity, especially as related to women. ANNE LOOKER is Senior Research Epidemiologist, National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS), Division of Health Examination Statistics, where she serves as the Center's expert consultant on calcium and iron status data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys (NHANES). She is currently serving as Director of Research Projects for the National Osteoporosis Foundation and is a member of the NIAMS National Osteoporosis Data Group. Dr. Looker received a B.A. in zoology from Miami University and M.S. and Ph.D. in nutrition from the Pennsylvania State University, and she is a registered dietitian. She has done work in areas that are of special concern to women, such as iron nutrition and osteoporosis. MARY Z. MAYS is currently the Director of Eagle Creek Research Services, San Antonio, Texas. From 1993 to 1995, Dr. Mays served as the Planner for Science and Technology Programs at the U.S. Army Medical Research and Materiel Command. Prior to that, she was the Director of the Military Performance and Neuroscience Division at the U.S. Army Research Institute of Environmental Medicine (1990 to 1993). Dr. Mays earned a B.A. in psychology from Trinity College in San Antonio, Texas and an M.S. and a Ph.D. in experimental psychology from the University of Oklahoma. Her research interests are on the influence of nutrition on cognitive performance. MARITZA RUBIO-STIPEC is Professor, Department of Economics, University of Puerto Rico. She is Co-Investigator/Statistical Consultant, Psychiatric Epidemiology Mental Disorders in Puerto Rico; Co-Principal Investigator/Statistical Consultant, A Child Psychiatry Epidemiologic Study in Puerto Rico; and Principal Investigator, WHO/NIH Joint Project on Diagnosis and Classification of Mental Disorders and Drug Related Problems. Ms. Rubio-Stipec earned her B.A. in economics from the University of Puerto Rico and M.A. in economics from New York University. She has an extensive background in study design, data analysis, epidemiology, and statistics. GAIL E. BUTTERFIELD (CMNR Liaison) is Director of Nutrition Research, Palo Alto Veterans Affairs Health Care System in California. Concurrently, she is Lecturer in the Department of Medicine, Stanford University Medical School; Visiting Assistant Professor and Co-Coordinator of the Health and Human Performance area of concentration in the Program of Human Biology, Stanford University; and Director of Nutrition in the Program in Sports Medicine, Stanford University Medical School. Her previous academic appointments were at the University of California, Berkeley. Dr. Butterfield belongs to the American Society for Nutrition Science,

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--> American Society for Clinical Nutrition, American Dietetic Association, and American Physiological Society. As a fellow of the American College of Sports Medicine, she serves as Chair of the Pronouncements Committee and was recently elected Vice President; she also was President and Executive Director of the Southwest Chapter of that organization. She is a member of the Respiratory and Applied Physiology Study Section of the NIH and is on the editorial boards of the following journals: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, Health and Fitness Journal of ACSM, Canadian Journal of Clinical Sports Medicine, and International Journal of Sports Nutrition. Dr. Butterfield earned her A.B. in biological sciences, M.A. in anatomy, and M.S. and Ph.D. in nutrition from the University of California, Berkeley, and she is a registered dietitian. Her current research interests include nutrition in exercise, effect of growth factors on fuel metabolism in the elderly, and metabolic fuel use at rest and during exercise in women exposed to high altitude. JANET C. KING (FNB Liaison) is Director, USDA Human Nutrition Research Center, Presidio of San Francisco and Professor in the Graduate School, University of California, Berkeley. Prior to her university experience, she worked for the Department of Defense. She is a member of the Institute of Medicine and served as chair of the Institute's Food and Nutrition Board and the Subcommittee on Nutrition Status and Weight Gain during Pregnancy. Dr. King received a B.S. in dietetics from Iowa State University and Ph.D. in nutrition from the University of California, Berkeley; she is a registered dietitian. REBECCA B. COSTELLO (FNB Staff, Project Director from July 15, 1996 ), also is Project Director for the Committee on Military Nutrition Research. Prior to joining the Food and Nutrition Board staff, she served as Research Associate and Program Director for the Risk Factor Reduction Center, a referral center for the detection, modification, and prevention of cardiovascular disease through dietary and/or drug interventions at the Washington Adventist Hospital in Takoma Park, Maryland. She received her B.S. and M.S. in biology from the American University, Washington, D.C., and a Ph.D. in clinical nutrition from the University of Maryland at College Park. Dr. Costello has active membership in the American Institute of Nutrition, American College of Nutrition, American Dietetic Association, and American Heart Association Council on Epidemiology. Her areas of research interest include mineral nutrition, dietary intake methodology, and chronic disease epidemiology. SYDNE J. CARLSON-NEWBERRY (FNB Staff, Program Officer), also is Program Officer for the Committee on Military Nutrition Research. Prior to joining the FNB staff, she served as Project Director for the Women's Health Project and Adjunct Assistant Professor in the Department of Family Medicine, Wright State University School of Medicine; as a behavioral health educator for a hospital-based weight management program in Dayton, Ohio; and as a research associate at The Ohio State University Biotechnology Center. She received her B.A. from Brandeis University and her Ph.D. in nutritional biochemistry and metabolism from M.I.T. and completed a NIH postdoctoral fellowship in the Departments of Biochemistry and Molecular Genetics at Ohio State. Dr. Carlson-Newberry's areas of research interest include eating disorders and diabetes management.