retirement in 1992, he was Vice President of Science and Technology and President of the Advanced HealthCare Division of Avadyne, Inc. During World War II, he served as a Captain in the U.S. Army. Dr. Nesheim has served on the Food and Nutrition Board (FNB), currently chairing the Committee on Military Nutrition Research and formerly chairing the Committee on Food Consumption Patterns and serving as a member of several other committees. He also was active in the Biosciences Information Service (as Board Chairman), American Medical Association, American Institute of Nutrition, Institute of Food Technologists, and Food Reviews International editorial board. Dr. Nesheim's academic services included Professor and Head of the Department of Animal Science at the University of Illinois, Urbana. He is a Fellow of the American Institute of Nutrition and American Association for the Advancement of Science and a member of several professional organizations. Dr. Nesheim holds a B.S. in agriculture, an M.S. in animal science, and a Ph.D. in nutrition and animal science from the University of Illinois.

NANCY F. BUTTE is Associate Professor of Pediatrics, Children's Nutrition Research Center, Department of Pediatrics, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas. She is a current member of the International Dietary Energy Consultancy Group Steering Committee and executive committee for the International Society for Research on Human Milk and Lactation and for the Society for International Nutrition Research, and a former member of the Institute of Medicine Subcommittee on Nutritional Status and Weight Gain during Pregnancy and of the Expert WHO Committee on Physical Status: The Use and Interpretation of Anthropometry. Dr. Butte received her B.S. in food and nutritional sciences, M.P.H. in public health nutrition, and Ph.D. in nutritional sciences from the University of California, Berkeley, and she is a registered dietitian. Her research experience includes nutritional needs during pregnancy and lactation, including her current focus on military women.

JOAN M. CONWAY is a Research Chemist with the ARS Beltsville Human Nutrition Center, Diet and Human Performance Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland and Graduate Adjunct Faculty, Department of Human Nutrition, University of Maryland, College Park. Dr. Conway has a B.A. in chemistry from St. Joseph's College in Brooklyn, Master's in science education from City College of New York, Master's in human nutrition from Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, and Ph.D. in nutritional biochemistry and metabolism from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, and she is a registered dietitian. Her research activities for USDA includes ethnic/racial influences on body composition, physical activity, and free-living energy metabolism in women, body composition methodology, and stable isotope studies among Navy divers and other military Special Forces. Currently, she is a consultant at the Food and Nutrition Division of FAO in Rome, where she is facilitating the planning and execution of a proposed Joint FAO/WHO Expert Consultation on Vitamin and Minerals.

STEVEN B. HEYMSFIELD is Professor of Medicine at Columbia University, College of Physicians and Surgeons in New York. He also currently serves as Deputy Director of the New York Obesity Research Center and is Director of the Human Body Composition Laboratory. Dr. Heymsfield is immediate past President of the American Society of Parenteral and Enteral



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