Alcohol use

BMD and,190

All Volunteer Force, 215

American Academy of Pediatrics, 147, 151

American College of Obstetrics and Gynecology (ACOG), 17, 143, 147, 150-151, 163-164, 165

pregnancy exercise recommendations, 139-142

American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM), 160, 283

eating disorders definition, 95

physical fitness position, 63

American Dietetic Association

Manual of Clinical Dietetics, 89

Americans with Disabilities Act, 72

Anthropometry

body composition measurements/techniques, 41-44, 46, 50, 55-56, 161, 221-222

circumference-based measurement, 16, 34, 42, 43, 44, 46, 158, 159, 160, 177-178

ethnic differences, 49

health risks, measure of, 50-51

See also Weight for height

Apgar scores, 135

Appearance standard, military

body composition and, ix, 3, 52-55

definition, 1, 25, 52, 54

health risks/implications and, 55, 160, 198

military readiness and, ix, 3, 160, 198

women, 27

ARI. See U.S. Army Research Institute (ARI)

ARL. See U.S. Army Research Laboratory (ARL)

Army. See U.S. Army

Army Body Composition Program, 246, 247

Army Food and Nutrition Survey, 96, 118, 167, 175

Army Office of the Deputy Chief of Staff for Personnel

Women in the Army Policy Review Group, 70

Army Physical Fitness Update Survey, 183

Army Regulation (AR) 40-25; 17, 109, 161

Army Regulation (AR) 40-501; 6, 128, 255

Army Regulation (AR) 350-41; 5, 66, 69, 255

Army Regulation (AR) 600-9; 5, 36, 88, 95, 177, 239, 254

Army policies. See Specific policies

Army Sample Survey of Military Personnel, 94, 134, 175, 179, 194

Army Weight Control Program, 88, 94, 98, 177, 235, 236

Asian populations

body composition of Asian women, 224

Athletics

Olympic female athletes' mean BMI, 52, 53-54

B

Basic combat training (BCT)

injury risk, fitness training impact on, gender differences, 77, 189, 192, 243-245

nutritional studies, 116-117, 162, 189

overweight incidence, 92, 94-95

See also Military personnel;

Physical training;

U.S. Army

BCNH committee. See Committee on Body Composition, Nutrition, and Health of Military Women (BCNH committee)

BCT. See Basic combat training (BCT)

Birth weight, 131, 140, 141, 142, 143-145, 147, 151.

See also Pregnancy

BMC. See Bone mineral content (BMC)

BMD. See Bone mineral density (BMD)

BMI. See Body mass index (BMI)

Body composition

age and, 47

appearance and, 52-55

ethnic differences, 181-182, 223-225

factors affecting, 47-50

gender differences, 181-182

genetic influences on, 47-49

health influence of, 50-51

historical background, 33-37

injury risk and, 50-51

minimum lean body mass, 14, 26, 157-161, 198

physical fitness and, 51-52, 75-80

standards, ix, 3, 25, 26, 27

task performance (load carriage) and, 2-3, 40, 182-183

undernutrition health consequences, 189-193

weight and composition overview, 37-41

See also Bone mineral content (BMC);

Bone mineral density (BMD);

Body composition assessment;

Body composition components;

Body fat;

Fat-free mass (FFM)

Body Composition and Physical Performance, 54, 91, 222, 282

Body composition assessment

anthropometric measurements, 20, 41-44, 46, 50, 55-56, 221-222

Army policies/procedures, clinical impact, 246-247

body fat assessment, 34-38, 55

body fat assessment equations, 10-12, 16, 42-44, 46, 55

circumference-based body fat equations, 16, 34, 42, 43, 44, 46, 158, 159, 160, 177-178

civilian law enforcement and fire service policies, x, 288-289

criterion methods, 44-46, 56

DXA, 40, 45-46, 177-178, 182, 218, 222

equations, 55-56, 146

field methods, 20, 41-44, 50, 55-56

lactation and, 148-149

military accession minimum standards, 198

military equations, 9, 35, 55, 177, 259

military policies, ix, x, 5-7, 176-179, 254-258

military weight control programs and, 88-92



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