TABLE 2-2 Variables or Standards Used by the U.S. Military Services for Assessing Body Composition of Personnel

Variables or Standards

DoD Directive/Instruction

Army

Navy

Air Force

Marine Corps

Coast Guard

Frequency of Weight/Height, BF, and Fitness Assessment

Formally evaluated and tested at least annually

Semiannual

Semiannual PRT optional for members > 50 years (NAVOP 064/90, 1990)

Annual

Semiannual

At least annual and upon random urinalysis testing

Assessment Procedures*

Circumference measure technique

Circumference measure if maximum allowable weight for height exceeded

Circumference measure if maximum allowable weight for height exceeded

Circumference measure if maximum allowable weight for height exceeded

Circumference measure if maximum allowable weight for height exceeded

Frame size determined by wrist measure (see COMDTINST M1020.8C, 1994)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Circumference measure if maximum allowable weight for height exceeded

Men's BF Standard

Range: 18–26%

Age

Max %BF

22%

Age

%BF

18%

Maximum allowable weight by frame size or if exceeded

 

 

17–20

20

 

> 29

20

 

Age

%BF

 

 

21–27

22

 

30+

24

 

< 30

23

 

 

28–39

24

 

 

 

 

31–39

25

 

 

40+

26

 

 

 

 

40+

27

 

 

(AR 600-9, 1986)

 

 

 

 

 

 

Women's BF Standard

Range: 26–36%

Age

Max %BF

30% (NAVADMIN 071/93, 1993)

Age

%BF

26%

Maximum allowable weight by frame size or if exceeded

 

 

17–20

30

 

> 29

28

 

Age

%BF

 

 

21–27

32

 

30+

32

 

< 30

33

 

 

28–39

34

 

 

 

 

31–39

35

 

 

40+:

36

 

 

 

 

40+

37

 

 

(AR 600-9, 1986)

 

 

 

 

 

 

NOTE: DoD, Department of Defense; BF, body fat; PRT, physical readiness test; NAVOP, Naval Operational Message; COMDTINST, Commandant Instruction; AR, Army Regulation; NAVADMIN, Naval Administrative Message. A more detailed table appears in Appendix B.

* See Table 2-1 for equations.



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