TABLE 2.4 Selected Risk Factors for Cancer in Women in General

 

Type of Cancer

Risk Factor

Lung

Breast

Colorectal

Endometrial (uterine)

Cervical

Ovarian

Family history

+

+

+

+

 

+

Age

+

+

+

+

+

+

Smoking

+

 

 

 

+

 

Alcohol consumption

 

+?

 

 

 

 

Lack of exercise

 

+?

+

 

 

 

Overweight

 

+?

 

+

 

 

High-fat diet

 

+?

+

+

 

+?

Having no children

 

+

 

+

 

+

Use of oral contraceptives

 

+?

 

+?

Multiple male sexual partners

 

 

 

 

+

 

Human papillomavirus infections

 

 

 

 

+

 

NOTE: Question marks (?) indicate that there are contradictory data regarding the link between a risk factor and a particular type of cancer or that the association has not been well established; the direction of the association reported in the majority of studies is indicated.



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