• Prevalence of cigarette smoking among lesbians and patterns of tobacco use
  • Prevalence of heavy drug use and injection drug use among lesbians
  • Prevalence of infections related to injection drug use, such as hepatitis B and C
  • Associations between childhood sexual abuse and substance abuse, including alcohol abuse

Service Delivery and Access to Services

  • Lesbians' patterns of use of health care services
  • Models of care that act to remove barriers of access to care for lesbians
  • Impact of managed care on quality of care for lesbians
  • Whether cultural competency training of providers on the needs of lesbians will increase sensitive delivery of health care for lesbians
  • Need for prevention and treatment intervention models targeted specifically toward lesbians
  • Barriers to care for lesbians, including adolescent lesbians


Adler NE, Boyce WT, Chesney MA, Folkman S, Syme SL. 1993. Socioeconomic inequalities in health. Journal of the American Medical Association 269(24):3140-3145.

Adler NE, Boyce T, Chesney MA, Cohen S, Folkman S, Kahn RL, Syme SL. 1994. Socioeconomic status and health: The challenge of the gradient. American Psychologist 49(1):15-24.

American Cancer Society. 1997. Cancer Facts and Figures—1997 [WWW Document]. URL www.cancer.org/statistics/97cff/(accessed December 1 and 3, 1997).

Anderson RN, Kochanek KD, Murphy SL. 1997. Report of Final Mortality Statistics, 1995. Monthly Vital Statistics Report 45(11, suppl. 2). DHHS Pub No. (PHS) 97-1120. Rockville, MD: National Center for Health Statistics.

APA (American Psychological Association). 1997.

Bell AP, Weinberg MS. 1978. Homosexualities: A Study of Diversity Among Men and Women. New York: Simon and Schuster.

Berger BJ, Kolton S, Zenilman JM, Cummings MC, Feldman J, McCormack WM. 1995. Bacterial vaginosis in lesbians: A sexually transmitted disease. Clinical Infectious Diseases 21(6):1402-1405.

The National Academies | 500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement