TABLE 4-12 Software-related Foreign MNC Activities in Japan, October 1992-March 1994

Software Category

Marketing Alliances

Licensing Agreements

Technology Support Agreements

Direct Investments

Total

CAD/CAM/CAE

13

   

3

16

Database-related

10

   

4

14

Semiconductor design software

7

   

2

9

Network-related

7

 

1

 

8

Operating systems

2

2

 

3

7

CASE tools

4

1

1

1

7

Utilities

5

     

5

Software titles

5

     

5

Application development tools

4

   

1

5

GUI development tools

3

   

1

4

CD-ROM software titles

 

3

 

1

4

Image management software

3

     

3

Analysis software

3

     

3

Telecommunications

2

     

2

Pen interface

     

2

2

Authoring tools

1

   

1

2

Integration software

1

   

1

2

Other

41

2

 

15

58

Total

111

8

2

35

156

SOURCE: Long-Term Credit Bank Institute of Research and Consulting,compiled from M&A Review.

NOTES AND REFERENCES

1 Encarnation, 1992, p. 149.

2 Yoshitomi, Masaru. 1995. “Developing New International Divisions of Labor in East Asia and Building a New U.S.-Pacific Asia Relationship.” Conference paper presented at the American Enterprise Institute, April 5, 1995.

3 Graham, Edward M. and Naoko T. Anzai. 1994. “The Myth of a De Facto Asian Economic Bloc: Japan's Foreign Direct Investment in East Asia” Columbia Journal of World Business24:6.

4 Graham and Anzai, 1994, and Frankel, Jeffrey A. 1993. “Is Japan Creating a Yen Bloc in East Asia and the Pacific?” in Regionalism and Rivalry: Japan and the United States in Pacific Asia , Jeffrey A. Frankel and Miles Kahler, eds., Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, pp. 53-87.

5 Ministry of Foreign Affairs. 1994. Japan's ODA: Annual Report 1993.Tokyo: Association for the Promotion of International Cooperation, p. 86.

6 Ensign, Margee. 1992. Doing Good or Doing Well? Japan's Foreign Aid Program.New York: Columbia University Press.



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