Americans insist that their market is open. However, there are numerous local codes that have to be carefully studied in order to succeed in business. Many Japanese companies have faced various problems in the United States due to different business customs, national security restrictions, and legal difficulties. There is no easy way to do business on foreign soil. All successful MNCs have overcome informal barriers.

CONCEPTUAL DIFFERENCES ON NATIONAL SECURITY

Most Japanese believe that the concept of national security should be changed as the global social climate has changed. Military power alone no longer can secure world peace or national security. We think that a new concept of comprehensive national security should be promoted and all efforts be devoted to the ultimate goal of world peace.

The concept of comprehensive national security is nothing special. Most countries have been pursuing what we call comprehensive national security for their national interests; however, we advocate a better balance between economic and technological power, on the one hand, and military power compared with conventional formulations of national security based on military power.

We never underestimate the great benefits that Japan has received from the U.S.-Japan Mutual Security Treaty. Many Japanese companies have been trying to reciprocate favors they had received after the Second World War by donating to universities and establishing manufacturing plants in the United States during the crisis of U.S. manufacturing industry cavitation, which was greatly debated. Unfortunately, our efforts have been largely ignored or misunderstood in the United States as a Japanese strategy of buying out university research and devastating U.S. manufacturing industries. Our concept of global interdependence is similarly misunderstood.

The causes of many skirmishes in many areas after the end of the Cold War go back to poverty. We have to help those under-developed countries to develop their own industries to raise their living standards above critical levels. In order to reduce trade in military weapons, we have to help these countries to manufacture tradable consumer products. The world is becoming a borderless society whether we like it or not. The national security of one nation is heavily influenced by other nations' security. There is no longer a one-sided winner. We have to be mutually interdependent.



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