bycatch. Bycatch occurs not just from bottom trawling and trap fishing, but all fisheries have some bycatch which potentially impacts other populations in the ecosystem. CDQ groups will need to comply with the Magnuson-Stevens Act and the National Standards for Fishery Management objectives of reducing bycatch; such compliance should contribute to healthier fisheries which will benefit CDQ groups in the long term.
Economic sustainability implies programs and policies that offer the greatest assurance of economic options over the long-term to a population that chooses to remain in specific locations. That is, given alternative economic futures for a people (or for a community), economic sustainability would entail choosing that future with the lowest probability of inducing economic decline as measured by a range of indicators. Economic sustainability is but one part of the larger problem of ecological and socio-cultural sustainability. Clearly, communities that squander their local environmental resources (or that fail to maintain cultural and social processes and structures) will be incapable of economic sustainability. Large-scale commercial fishing activities can have negative impacts on ecosystems, either independently or through interaction with natural fluctuations. Because the CDQ program is designed specifically to increase participation in fisheries activities and at the same time improve the long-term economic conditions of the participating communities, special emphasis should be given to environmental stewardship.