program at two- to four-year institutions. The general rationale for this non-fishery activity is that it benefits local communities through improved expertise and earning potential.

The second form of human capital development, for training programs, have focused on skills necessary to participate in jobs on offshore vessels. This training has tended to be in such technical areas such as production line work, refrigeration, machine maintenance, and other jobs related to the technical functioning of the offshore factory trawl fleet. Training for higher level positions on factory trawlers has not yet materialized. One group has proposed development of an observer training program, which could be a good way for village residents to move into the management sector.

Other—One group has established a disaster relief fund to buffer against bad fishing seasons or other disasters that could affect members of their villages.

Phase IV: Performance Review And Revision

CDQ groups have examined their performance and opportunities at several different junctures in their short histories.

A significant component of the performance review is the assessment of how well the group meet the basic guidelines established by the state. This, in turn, is rolled into the periodic cycle of plan development, submission, and defense. These steps have led to plan revision, including elimination or modification of certain programs and activities. Some of these changes have come at the behest of state overseers, while others have been the outgrowth of internal review.

One interesting development has been the interaction among the CDQ groups themselves, me of which have an ongoing exchange of information about guidelines, legal responsibilities, and the state oversight process. In addition, several CDQ groups have initiated small cooperative ventures. More interactive developments are possible, particularly development of forthcoming techniques for managing the new multispecies CDQ allocations.

It is possible, however, that the competitive framework established by the state to reallocate quota share at each renewal cycle could work to preclude cooperation. One way this could be avoided would be to reward cooperation that produces positive results.

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