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culties is due to the newness of the program and the inability to draw clear conclusions from the limited data that are available. A second difficulty is a State of Alaska law (described on page 92) that certain financial and catch data can be maintained as confidential. These conditions make it difficult to provide a detailed analysis of the benefits received by the CDQ program. However, a review of the data that are available and the nature of the investments of the CDQ groups can be used to evaluate the economic performance of the CDQ program.
The criteria that have been used both by the State of Alaska and National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS) have tended to rely on quantifiable economic or performance based criteria (see Appendixes D and E). The State of Alaska and NMFS evaluate the CDQ program by measuring criteria such as: the number of community members to be employed and the nature of the work; the number and percentage of low income people in the communities; the number of communities; the relative benefits for the communities and the plans for developing a self-sustaining fisheries economy; and the success or failure in administration of a previous Community Development Plan.
This Committee's Evaluation
While this committee kept the State/NMFS criteria in mind during this review, our work was guided most by the charge given to us in the Magnuson-Stevens Act of 1996. Specifically, the committee focused on four broad criteria:
the extent to which such programs have met the objective of providing communities with the means to develop ongoing commercial fishing activities;
the manner and extent to which such programs have resulted in the communities and residents receiving employment opportunities in commercial fishing and processing; and obtaining the capital necessary to invest in commercial fishing, fish processing, and commercial fishing support projects (including infrastructure to support commercial fishing);
the social and economic conditions in the participating communities and the extent to which alternative private sector employment opportunities exist; and
the economic impacts on participants in the affected fisheries, taking into account the condition of the fishery resource, the market, and other relevant factors.
In addition, as the committee became more familiar with the program, it considered additional factors such as the pattern of distribution of benefits, awareness of the CDQ program and its benefits within the community, access by the community to CDQ group directors and managers, and impact of the program on