Beyond the fundamental question of resources, the workshop material indicated that the most critical issues have to do with the expansion, coordination, and improvement of the diverse elements of surveillance. There are also issues where relatively small but thoughtful investments could make a difference in what is known and what can be done about antimicrobial resistance, in research, clinical management and practice, and policy:

  • answering questions around the use of antibiotics in food production (see page 4);

  • emphasizing ways to prolong the effectiveness of existing antibiotics (see page 5);

  • pursuing key areas of basic research and seeking incentives for developing new antibiotics (see page 6); and

  • exploring legal and regulatory mechanisms in key areas of need (see page 7).

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