Page 79

References

Nutrient Requirements And Signs
Of Deficiency

Energy

Agricultural Research Council. 1980. The Nutrient Requirements of Ruminant Livestock. Slough: Commonwealth Agricultural Bureaux.

Ames, D. R. 1969. Normal Responses of Sheep to Acute Thermal Stress. Ph.D. dissertation. Michigan State University, East Lansing.

Andrews, R. P., M. Kay, and E. R. Ørskov. 1969. The effect of different dietary energy concentrations on the voluntary intake and growth of intensively fed lambs. Anim. Prod. 11:73.

Andrews, R. P., and E. R. Ørskov. 1970. The nutrition of the early weaned lamb. II. The effect of dietary protein concentration, feeding level and sex on body composition at two live weights. J. Agric. Sci. 75:19.

Arehart, L. A., Jr., J. M. Lewis, F. C. Hinds, and M. E. Mansfield. 1969. Space allowances for lambs on slotted floors. J. Anim. Sci. 29:638.

Arehart, L. A., Jr., J. M. Lewis, F. C. Hinds, and M. E. Mansfield. 1972. Space allowance for lactating ewes confined to slotted floors when penned with single or twin lambs. J. Anim. Sci. 34:180.

Arnold, G. W., and M. L. Dudzinski. 1967. Studies on the diet of the grazing animal. 2. The effect of physiological status in ewes and pasture availability on herbage intake. Aust. J. Agric. Res. 18:349.

Bergman, E. N., and D. E. Hogue. 1967. Glucose turnover and oxidation rates in lactating sheep. Am. J. Physiol. 213:1378.

Black, J. L. 1974. Manipulation of body composition through nutrition. Proc. Aust. Soc. Anim. Prod. 10:211.

Blaxter, K. L. 1966. The Energy Metabolism of Ruminants. Springfield, Ill.: Charles C Thomas.

Blaxter, K. L., and A. W. Boyne. 1978. The estimation of the nutritive value of feeds as energy sources for ruminants and the derivation of feeding systems. J. Agric. Sci. 90:47.

Blaxter, K. L., and A. W. Boyne. 1982. Fasting and maintenance metabolism of sheep. J. Agric. Sci. 99:611.

Blaxter, K. L., and F. W. Wainman. 1964. The utilization of energy of different rations by sheep and cattle for maintenance and for fattening. J. Agric. Sci. 63:113.

Blaxter, K. L., J. L. Clapperton, and F. W. Wainman. 1966. The extent of differences between six British breeds of sheep in their metabolism, feed intake and utilization, and resistance to climatic stress. Br. J. Nutr. 20:283.

Brink, D. R., and D. R. Ames. 1975. Effect of ambient temperature on lamb performance. J. Anim. Sci. 41:264. (Abstr.)

Brockway, J. M., J. D. Pullar, and J. D. McDonald. 1969. Direct and indirect calorimetric techniques for the evaluation of the expenditure of standing and lying sheep. Pp. 423-427 in Energy Metabolism of Farm Animals, K. L. Blaxter, J. Kielanowski, and G. Thorbek, eds. Newcastle-upon-Tyne, England: Oriel Press Ltd.

Bull, L. S., J. T. Reid, and D. E. Johnson. 1970. Energetics of sheep concerned with the utilization of acetic acid. J. Nutr. 100:262.

Burton, J. H., and J. T. Reid. 1969. Interrelationship among energy input, body size, age and body composition in sheep. J. Nutr. 97:517.

Chiou, P. W. S., and R. M. Jordan. 1973. Ewe milk replacer diets for young lambs. 4. Protein and energy requirements of young lambs. J. Anim. Sci. 37:581.

Christopherson, R. J., and P. M. Kennedy. 1983. Effect of the thermal environment on digestion in ruminants. Can. J. Anim. Sci. 63:477.

Clapperton, J. L. 1964a. The effect of walking upon the utilization of food by sheep. Br. J. Nutr. 18:39.

Clapperton, J. L. 1964b. The energy metabolism of sheep walking on the level and on gradient. Br. J. Nutr. 18:47.

Clarke, R. A., and W. K. Roberts. 1967. Ruminal and fecal fatty acids and apparent ration digestibility in lambs as affected by dietary fatty acids. Can. J. Anim. Sci. 47:31.

Cook, C. W., L. A. Stoddart, and L. E. Harris. 1952. Determining the digestibility and metabolizable energy of winter range plants by sheep. J. Anim. Sci. 11:578.

Coop, I. E. 1962. The energy requirements of sheep for maintenance and gain. 2. Pen fed sheep. J. Agric. Sci. 58:179.

Coop, I. E., and M. K. Hill. 1962. The energy requirements of sheep for maintenance and gain. 2. Grazing sheep. J. Agric. Sci. 58:187.

Corbett, J. L., R. A. Leng, and B. A. Young. 1969. Measurement of energy expenditure by grazing sheep and the amount of energy supplied by volatile fatty acids produced in the rumen. Pp. 177-186 in Energy Metabolism of Farm Animals, K. L. Blaxter, J. Kielanowski, and G. Thorbek, eds. Newcastle-upon-Tyne, England: Oriel Press Ltd.

Curtis, S. E. 1981. Environmental management in animal agriculture. Animal Environment Services, Mohamet, Ill.

Doane, B. B., U. S. Garrigus, E. E. Hatfield, and H. W. Norton. 1962. Hand-fed corn silage ration compared with self-fed rations containing roughage, largely corncob or oat hay, for wintering bred and lactating ewes. University of Illinois, Urbana, Anim. Sci. Mimeo. AS-582, pp. 30-35.

Drew, K. R., and J. T. Reid. 1975a. Compensatory growth in immature sheep. I. Effects of weight loss and realimentation on whole body composition. J. Agric. Sci. 85:193.



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Page 79 References Nutrient Requirements And Signs Of Deficiency Energy Agricultural Research Council. 1980. The Nutrient Requirements of Ruminant Livestock. Slough: Commonwealth Agricultural Bureaux. Ames, D. R. 1969. Normal Responses of Sheep to Acute Thermal Stress. Ph.D. dissertation. Michigan State University, East Lansing. Andrews, R. P., M. Kay, and E. R. Ørskov. 1969. The effect of different dietary energy concentrations on the voluntary intake and growth of intensively fed lambs. Anim. Prod. 11:73. Andrews, R. P., and E. R. Ørskov. 1970. The nutrition of the early weaned lamb. II. The effect of dietary protein concentration, feeding level and sex on body composition at two live weights. J. Agric. Sci. 75:19. Arehart, L. A., Jr., J. M. Lewis, F. C. Hinds, and M. E. Mansfield. 1969. Space allowances for lambs on slotted floors. J. Anim. Sci. 29:638. Arehart, L. A., Jr., J. M. Lewis, F. C. Hinds, and M. E. Mansfield. 1972. Space allowance for lactating ewes confined to slotted floors when penned with single or twin lambs. J. Anim. Sci. 34:180. Arnold, G. W., and M. L. Dudzinski. 1967. Studies on the diet of the grazing animal. 2. The effect of physiological status in ewes and pasture availability on herbage intake. Aust. J. Agric. Res. 18:349. Bergman, E. N., and D. E. Hogue. 1967. Glucose turnover and oxidation rates in lactating sheep. Am. J. Physiol. 213:1378. Black, J. L. 1974. Manipulation of body composition through nutrition. Proc. Aust. Soc. Anim. Prod. 10:211. Blaxter, K. L. 1966. The Energy Metabolism of Ruminants. Springfield, Ill.: Charles C Thomas. Blaxter, K. L., and A. W. Boyne. 1978. The estimation of the nutritive value of feeds as energy sources for ruminants and the derivation of feeding systems. J. Agric. Sci. 90:47. Blaxter, K. L., and A. W. Boyne. 1982. Fasting and maintenance metabolism of sheep. J. Agric. Sci. 99:611. Blaxter, K. L., and F. W. Wainman. 1964. The utilization of energy of different rations by sheep and cattle for maintenance and for fattening. J. Agric. Sci. 63:113. Blaxter, K. L., J. L. Clapperton, and F. W. Wainman. 1966. The extent of differences between six British breeds of sheep in their metabolism, feed intake and utilization, and resistance to climatic stress. Br. J. Nutr. 20:283. Brink, D. R., and D. R. Ames. 1975. Effect of ambient temperature on lamb performance. J. Anim. Sci. 41:264. (Abstr.) Brockway, J. M., J. D. Pullar, and J. D. McDonald. 1969. Direct and indirect calorimetric techniques for the evaluation of the expenditure of standing and lying sheep. Pp. 423-427 in Energy Metabolism of Farm Animals, K. L. Blaxter, J. Kielanowski, and G. Thorbek, eds. Newcastle-upon-Tyne, England: Oriel Press Ltd. Bull, L. S., J. T. Reid, and D. E. Johnson. 1970. Energetics of sheep concerned with the utilization of acetic acid. J. Nutr. 100:262. Burton, J. H., and J. T. Reid. 1969. Interrelationship among energy input, body size, age and body composition in sheep. J. Nutr. 97:517. Chiou, P. W. S., and R. M. Jordan. 1973. Ewe milk replacer diets for young lambs. 4. Protein and energy requirements of young lambs. J. Anim. Sci. 37:581. Christopherson, R. J., and P. M. Kennedy. 1983. Effect of the thermal environment on digestion in ruminants. Can. J. Anim. Sci. 63:477. Clapperton, J. L. 1964a. The effect of walking upon the utilization of food by sheep. Br. J. Nutr. 18:39. Clapperton, J. L. 1964b. The energy metabolism of sheep walking on the level and on gradient. Br. J. Nutr. 18:47. Clarke, R. A., and W. K. Roberts. 1967. Ruminal and fecal fatty acids and apparent ration digestibility in lambs as affected by dietary fatty acids. Can. J. Anim. Sci. 47:31. Cook, C. W., L. A. Stoddart, and L. E. Harris. 1952. Determining the digestibility and metabolizable energy of winter range plants by sheep. J. Anim. Sci. 11:578. Coop, I. E. 1962. The energy requirements of sheep for maintenance and gain. 2. Pen fed sheep. J. Agric. Sci. 58:179. Coop, I. E., and M. K. Hill. 1962. The energy requirements of sheep for maintenance and gain. 2. Grazing sheep. J. Agric. Sci. 58:187. Corbett, J. L., R. A. Leng, and B. A. Young. 1969. Measurement of energy expenditure by grazing sheep and the amount of energy supplied by volatile fatty acids produced in the rumen. Pp. 177-186 in Energy Metabolism of Farm Animals, K. L. Blaxter, J. Kielanowski, and G. Thorbek, eds. Newcastle-upon-Tyne, England: Oriel Press Ltd. Curtis, S. E. 1981. Environmental management in animal agriculture. Animal Environment Services, Mohamet, Ill. Doane, B. B., U. S. Garrigus, E. E. Hatfield, and H. W. Norton. 1962. Hand-fed corn silage ration compared with self-fed rations containing roughage, largely corncob or oat hay, for wintering bred and lactating ewes. University of Illinois, Urbana, Anim. Sci. Mimeo. AS-582, pp. 30-35. Drew, K. R., and J. T. Reid. 1975a. Compensatory growth in immature sheep. I. Effects of weight loss and realimentation on whole body composition. J. Agric. Sci. 85:193.

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Page 80 Drew, K. R., and J. T. Reid. 1975b. Compensatory growth in immature sheep. II. Some changes in the physical and chemical composition of sheep. J. Agric. Sci. 85:201. Egan, A. R. 1965. Nutritional status and intake regulation in sheep. 3. The relationship between improvement of nitrogen status and increase in voluntary intake of low-protein roughages by sheep. Aust. J. Agric. Res. 16:463. Farrell, D. J., R. A. Leng, and J. L. Corbett. 1972. Undernutrition in grazing sheep. I. Changes in the composition of the body, blood and rumen contents. Aust. J. Agric. Res. 23:483. Ferrell, C. L., J. D. Crouse, R. A. Field, and J. L. Chant. 1979. Effects of sex, diet, and stage of growth upon energy utilization by lambs. J. Anim. Sci. 49:790. Gardner, R. W., and D. E. Hogue. 1964. Effects of energy intake and number of lambs suckled on milk yield, milk composition and energetic efficiency of lactating ewes. J. Anim. Sci. 23:935. Garrett, W. N. 1980. 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