Page 606

Air pollution

acid pollution, 64, 341, 474, 517

forests, 341-343

ozone depletion, ultraviolet radiation, 64, 341, 508, 5654

see also Climate change

Alaska, 343

Albright, Madeleine, 512

Alexander von Humboldt Institute, 487-488

Algae

classification, 143-144, 147-148

marine, 92

number of species, 35, 37, 38, 143-146, 232

soil, 232

see also specific species

Alien species, see Exotic species

All Taxa Biodiversity Inventory, 288

Allen, Melody, 204-212

Allison, Allen, 281-290

Allopatric speciation, 48

Amazon Basin, 28, 343, 421, 427, 471, 509-510, 512, 534

American Association for the Advancement of Science, 1-2

American Museum of Natural History, 60, 379, 462, 463-464

Apicomplexa, 142, 143, 148

Archaea, 23, 31, 118-126 (passim), 141

Archamoebae, 139

Area de Conservation Guanacaste, 521-528

Arid lands, see Deserts and desertification

Arroyo, Mary T. Kalin, 530-542

Arthropods, number of species, 35, 38, 77, 232-233

see also Insects

ASCEND 21, 347-348

Ascetospora, 142, 143

Asia

human population growth, 305

knowledge-based economies, 408

systematics science, 378

see also Southeast Asia; specific countries

Australia

exotic species, 75, 326

fungi, 163

insects, 216

mites, 194-195

soil, 236

systematics science, 378

B

Bacon, Francis, 12

Bacteria, 3, 23, 118-124, 508

biological control, 243

oil-eating, 544-545

marine, 92

photosynthesis, 121, 124

soil, 228, 232

species defined, 31

Baker, A. S., 192-203

Baldwin, J. G., 176-191

Bamboo, 164, 171, 428

Bangladesh, 382, 384

Bean, Michael, 493-499

Belize, 565

Bemis, Ronald, 596-603

Benthos, 87-88, 89, 93-94, 95, 98, 139

corals, 88-89, 99, 304, 414

nematodes, 177, 178, 179, 181, 183, 184

Berry, Thomas, 12

Bicosoecae, 140, 145

Biodiversity Project, 461

Biogeography, see Geographic factors

Biological control and remediation, 75, 242-249

exotic species, 330-331

fungi, 156

nematodes, 244-245

protists, 132

tropical invertebrates, 205, 207

Biological Dynamics of Forest Fragments, 54

Biological Survey for the Nation, A, 292

BioNET-INTERNATIONAL, 353, 354, 355

Biosphere 2 Research Center, 464

Biopolymers, 546, 547

Bioremediation, see Biological control and remediation

Biotechnology, 65, 242, 376

biopolymers, 546, 547

environmental services via, 76, 107-108

fungi, 156-157

oil-eating bacteria, 544-545

soils, 242-249

see also Biological control and remediation;

Medical applications

Birds

classification, 32

countryside biogeography, 111

exotic species, hybridization, 328

extinction, 47, 48-49, 50-51, 57, 58, 435

municipal parks, 588



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