(e.g., CLIVAR is still largely in the planning stage, CoOP, GLOBEC, and RIDGE are in the field phase; JGOFS and WOCE have entered the synthesis phase; and TOGA has been completed). Of the programs mentioned, CoOP is the only program not associated with the U.S. Global Change Research Program. This subset of programs studies processes that range in duration from days to millions of years. Although many of the programs are primarily sponsored by NSF/OCE, some specific programs, such as WOCE, were chosen that involved additional funding by other agencies including ONR, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), and the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) (Fig. 1-1). Although many of the programs fall under international umbrella programs such as the World Climate Research Program (e.g., TOGA, WOCE) and the International Geosphere-Biosphere Program (e.g., JGOFS, GLOBEC), this report, in keeping with the committee's charge, focuses on U.S. efforts.
Requests for community input via a questionnaire available on the World Wide Web were made through a variety of means, including articles in EOS (a widely read, weekly publication of the American Geophysical Union), the Newsletter of the American Society of Limnology and Oceanography (ASLO), and over a half-dozen electronic bulletin boards and Internet list servers (e.g., Hydrowire and Sciencenet). In addition, electronic links were established between the