Climate forecasting, 5, 26, 49

Climate Research Committee (CRC), 84-85

Climate Variability and Predictability Programme (CLIVAR), 12-13, 14, 38

origin and evolution of, 86

CLIVAR--A Study of Climate Variability and Predictability, 86

CLIVAR--Decadal to Centennial (CLIVAR-DecCen), 86

CLIVAR on Anthropogenic Climate Change (CLIVAR-ACC), 86

CLIVAR on Global Ocean-Atmosphere-Land System (CLIVAR-GOALS), 86

Coastal Ocean Processes (CoOP) program, 11-12, 14, 21, 41, 42-45, 54, 86

origin and evolution of, 86

and technology, 55-56

Coastal Ocean Program (COP). See National Ocean Service

Coastal Physical Oceanography (CoPO), 86

Coastal pollution, 7

Coastal programs, increase in, 77

Coastal Upwelling and Ecosystem Analysis (CUEA), 19, 21

Cold War, 18

Collateral performance support, 24

Collegiality. See Oceanographic research community

Committee on Climate Changes and the Ocean (CCCO), 85

Committee on Major U.S. Oceanographic Research Programs, 1, 8

approach of, 10-16

formation of, 36

task statement, 9

Committees of Visitors, 10, 15, 30, 63, 67

Communication, enhancing, 5

Conductivity, temperature, and depth (CTD) groups, 56

Congress, 22

Consensus building, 6

Consortium for Oceanographic Research and Education (CORE), 15, 61

Contingencies, developing mechanisms to deal with, 3, 71-74

Continuing Quest: Large-scale Ocean Science for the Future, The, 35, 90

Coordination

enhancing, 5

increasing need for, 6

CO2 Survey, 28

Coupled Ocean-Atmosphere Response Experiment (COARE), 23, 49, 73-74

data-submission policies for, 142

Creativity, 8

D

Dahlem Conferences, 81

Data assimilation and synthesis, need to enhance, 4

Data information units (DIUs), 49

Data management, 78-79

Data sets, 44

collecting, 11, 14-15, 75-76

identifying, 10-11

as legacy, 49-52

policy for, 137-143

preserving access to, 2

value of, 2

Data synthesis capabilities, need to enhance, 4

Deep-Sea Drilling Program (DSDP), 18, 60, 85

Deep-Sea Research, 53, 60

Direct performance support, 24

Dissolved oxygen sensor technology, 50

Division of Ocean Sciences (OCE). See National Science Foundation/Ocean Sciences Division

E

Earth Science Division (EAR). See National Science Foundation

Education

advances in, 2

facilities for, 59

El NiÒo, 2, 13, 23, 60, 74

El Niño and the Southern Oscillation--A Scientific Plan, 84-85

El Niño/Southern Oscillation (ENSO), 54-55, 81, 93, 149

Emergence of a United Ocean Sciences, 85-86

Environmental Geochemistry and Biogeochemistry (EGB) program, 29

Environmental Research Laboratories (ERL). See Office of Oceanographic and Atmospheric Research

EOS (scholarly journal), 14

Ewing, Maurice, 88



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