6.  

    measurement standards established by the major oceanographic programs in the study focus group.

    Question 2c: What has been the impact of major oceanographic programs on education?

    Data used:

      1.  

      information on facilities (developed by major oceanographic programs) and used for educational purposes;

      2.  

      documentation of classroom use information derived by major oceanographic programs; and

      3.  

      examples of data sets as legacies of major oceanographic programs.

      Question 2d: Have the major oceanographic programs brought new money into the field, offered participation to a broad segment of the community, and had a demonstrable impact on collegiality in the academic community (defined as the quality of working toward a common goal or purpose)?

      Data used:

        1.  

        OCE funding history over the past 15 years;

        2.  

        total dollars into major programs as compared with core over the past 15 years (field versus modeling/analysis);

        3.  

        annual history of average size of OCE grant funded through major oceanographic programs and core;

        4.  

        annual history of proposal success rate for major programs as compared to core over the past 3 years, including number of awards for each;

        5.  

        principal investigator turnover for major oceanographic programs and core;

        6.  

        information on international cooperation fostered by major oceanographic programs;

        7.  

        number of special journal issues dedicated to the major oceanographic programs being considered in the study;

        8.  

        information about how programs fostered the sharing of ideas with the community via special sessions and meetings; and

        9.  

        community input on the impact, positive or negative, of major oceanographic programs on collegiality in the oceanographic community.

        both at this site and as it may relate to biogeochemistry of the rest of the ocean. In October 1988 BATS commenced sampling the Sargasso Sea in an area 85 km southeast of Bermuda as part of JGOFS. Bermuda is also the site of other continuing and historical oceanic and atmospheric time-series programs. One ongoing time series commenced in 1954 includes biweekly profiles of temperature, salinity, and oxygen—providing data to link the more recent biogeochemistry time-series studies to the decadal variability in this region.



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