RECOMMENDATION 11. University training programs in the health professions should:


    enhance exposure of students to didactic teaching about substance abuse and dependence;


    require didactic teaching as well as supervised clinical experiences in community-based treatment settings;


    teach students to interpret substance abuse treatment research and apply research findings in their clinical practices;


    work with professional organizations to enhance continuing education about the addictions within the residency training curriculum of the various health professions; and


    support researchers seeking to enhance collaborative relationships with treatment programs by offering tuition credit for CBO staff involved in funded collaborative research.

    RECOMMENDATION 12. NIDA, CSAT, and other appropriate funding agencies should create research training programs for staff members of community-based treatment programs to strengthen the ability of the treatment programs to include research activities and to adopt the findings of research into their treatment approaches. Training programs should promote research training for clinical staff through fellowships and tuition remission, and incentives for attending professional meetings.

    To enhance the likelihood that these recommendations are given serious consideration by the agencies to which they are addressed, the assistance of foundations is also needed. Foundations could play an important role by developing grant programs to:

    • Support training in clinical and services research in the addiction disorders. These grants should emphasize skills needed for participating in collaborative research and in the translation and implementation of treatment research into local community settings.
    • Support training for consumers and their families in becoming effective advocates and in the development of advocacy organizations to promote state-of-the-art treatment and treatment research, as well as consumer participation in policy areas such as the development of standards of care.

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