TABLE E-4 Referral to Substance Abuse Treatment Facilities, October 1, 1996: Percentage Distribution of Clients by Referral Sources

Percentage of Clients from:

 

Criminal justice system

34.0%

Self-referred/voluntary

21.3%

Other treatment facility

11.6%

Health or mental health provider

9.1%

Welfare or social service agency

7.2%

Family

5.1%

Employer

4.5%

Friend

2.3%

Other

4.8%

Total*

100.0%

SOURCE: 1997 Alcohol and Drug Services Study—Phase I—Preliminary Data. Office of Applied Studies, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration.

* Does not total to 100% because of rounding.

agencies. Family and employers each accounted for about 5 percent of the referrals.

The vast majority of clients in treatment on October 1, 1996 were being treated on an outpatient basis (89 percent) as shown in Table E-5, with most clients being served in outpatient nonmethadone programs (75 percent) and the remainder in outpatient methadone programs (14 percent). Almost one in ten clients were receiving treatment in a residential setting, with 8 percent in residential rehabilitation and 2 percent in residential detoxification programs. The numbers of patients served in hospital inpatient settings continues to dwindle, accounting for just over 1 percent of all clients in treatment on the ADSS point prevalence date.

The mean number of clients per facility in treatment on October 1, 1996 varied by type of setting. Outpatient methadone programs were the largest with 216 mean number of active clients in treatment, followed by other outpatient programs with a mean number of 82 active clients. The mean number of active clients in treatment was 27 in both residential rehabilitation and residential detoxification programs. The mean number of clients in hospital inpatient settings was 12.

WHO ARE THE CLIENTS?

A typical client treated in the substance abuse treatment system is a white, young adult male whose primary drug of abuse is alcohol. The



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