principles" planning architecture emphasizing process sophistication over knowledge content will succeed in the highly knowledge-intensive and options-constrained military environment.

Intermediate- and Long-Term Goals

  • Devote effort to developing planners that incorporate, at the least, an extensive domain-specific knowledge base and, more important, a learning capability to build upon past planning and operations experience.

  • Develop planning models that are more reactive to account for plan failures, dynamically changing environments, and changes in plan goals. The focus should be on developing planners that are more robust to failures, develop contingency plans, and can rapidly replan on the fly.

  • Develop planning models that account for a range of individual differences, skill levels, and stressor effects. Since the military plan is such a key determinant of overall mission success, it is critical that this behavior be represented accurately across the population of military planners.

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