. "Examples of ''Effective Practice" in Research Support and Performance." National Science and Technology Strategies in a Global Context: Report of an International Symposium. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press, 1998.
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for superior ideas and people. This is becoming more important as more countries develop the critical mass of science and technology capability necessary to do outstanding research.
Factors Specific to Organizations
In addition to these general features of "effective practice," other elements of superior performance depend on the type of organization. Figure 3-1 shows the roles and interaction of universities and companies, a critical interface.
In universities, the key task is to push back the frontiers of fundamental knowledge and train the next generation of scientific and engineering talent. Publication is a critical factor in communicating and evaluating university research, particularly
The critical interface of universities and industry.