TABLE 1-1 Deaths Caused by Cardiovascular Disease at Different Stages of Development—1990

Stage of Development

Deaths from CVD (% of total)

Predominant CVDs

Regional Examples

Age of pestilence and famine

5–10

Rheumatic heart disease, infections. and nutritional cardiomyopathies

Sub-Saharan Africa. rural India. and South America

Age of receding pandemics

10–35

As above, plus hypertensive heart disease and hemorrhagic stroke

China

Age of degenerative and man-made diseases

35–55

All forms of stroke; ischemic heart disease at relatively young ages

Urban India. formerly socialist economics

Age of delayed degenerative diseases

<50

Stroke and ischemic heart disease at older ages

Western Europe. North America. Australia. New Zealand

 

SOURCE: Jha et al., forthcoming.



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