Brownson, R.C., Koffman, D.M., Novotny, T.E., Hughes, R.G., and Eriksen, M.P. Environmental policy interventions to control tobacco use and prevent cardiovascular disease. Health Education Quarterly 22:478-498, 1995.

Bulatao, R., and Stephens, P. Global Estimates and Projections of Mortality by Cause, 1970-2015. Washington, D.C.: World Bank Population, Health, and Nutrition Department (PRE Working Paper 1007), 1992.


Carleton, R.A., Dwyer, J., Finberg, L., Flora, J., Goodman, D.S., Grundy, S.M., Havas, S., Hunter, G.T., Kritchevsky, D., Lauer, R.M., Luepker, R.V., Ramirez, A.G., Van Horn, L., Stason, W.B., and Stokes III, J.. Report of the expert panel on population strategies for blood cholesterol reduction. Circulation 83:2154-2232. 1991.

CDC (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention). The Health Benefits of Smoking Cessation: A Report of the Surgeon General, 1990. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 1990.

CDC (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention). Preventing Tobacco Use Among Young People. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 1994.

CDC (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention). Worldwide Efforts to Improve Heart Health: A Follow-up to the Catalonia Declaration-Selected Program Descriptions. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 1997.

Cook, N.R., Cohen, J., Hebert, P.R., Taylor, J.O., and Hennekens, C.H. Implications of small reductions in diastolic blood pressure for primary prevention. Archives of Internal Medicine 155:701-709, 1995.

Cowie, M.R., Mosterd, A., Wood, D.A., Deckers, J.W., Poole-Wilson, P.A., Sutton, G.C., and Grobbee, D.E. The epidemiology of heart failure. European Heart Journal 18:208-225, 1997.

Cutler, J.A. Prevention of hypertension. Pp. 192-194 in Hypertension Primer. Dallas: American Heart Association, 1993.


Deubner, D.C., Tyroler, H.A., Cassell, J.C., Hames, C.G., and Becker, C. Attributable risk, population attributable risk, and population attributable risk fraction of death associated with hypertension in a biracial population. Circulation 52:901-908, 1975.

Dowse, G.K., Gareeboo, H., Alberti, K.G., Zimmet, P., Tuomilehto, J., Purran, A., Fareed, D., Chitson, P., and Collins, V.R. Changes in population cholesterol concentrations and other cardiovascular risk factor levels after five years of the noncommunicable disease intervention programme in Mauritius. Mauritius Non-Communicable Disease Study Group. British Medical Journal 311:1255-1259. 1995.


Enas, E.A., and Mehta, J.L. Malignant coronary artery disease in young Asian Indians: Thoughts on pathogenesis, prevention, and treatment. Clinical Cardiology 18:131-135, 1995.

Epstein F.H. The relationship of lifestyle to international trends in C.H.D. International Journal of Epidemiology 18(3, Suppl. 1):S203-S209, 1989.


Forrester, J.S., Merz, C.N., Bush, T.L., Cohn, J.N., Hunninghake, D.B., Parthasarathy, S., and Superko, H.R. 27th Bethesda Conference: Matching the intensity of risk factor management with the hazard for coronary disease events. Task Force 4. Efficacy of risk factor management. Journal of the American College of Cardiology 27:991-1006, 1996.



The National Academies | 500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement