TABLE C-7 Estimates of Costs and NIH Support of Related Research for the 10 Leading Diseases or Conditions Causing Death in the United States

Disease or Condition

No. of Deaths (in thousands; 1994)

Cost Estimate (in $ billions)

NIH Support in FY 1996 (in $ millions)

 

 

Direct

Indirecta

 

Heart diseases

732.4

$70.9b

$54.9

$851.6

Cancer

534.3

27.5c

68.7

2,570.6

Stroke

153.3

17.0d

13.0

120.3

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and allied conditions

101.6

16.5b

11.1

62.4

Pneumonia and influenza

81.5

18.2b

3.9

61.9

Diabetes

56.7

45.2e

46.6

298.9

HIV infection and AIDS

42.1

10.3e

NA

1,410.9

Chronic liver disease and cirrhosis

25.4

1.2f

2.1

169.8

Kidney and urologic diseases

23.0

26.2f

14.1

327.2

Septicemia

20.4

4.2b

NA

10.9

NOTE: This list excludes non-disease-related causes of death: homicide, suicide, and injury. FY = fiscal year; NA = not available; and HIV = human immunodeficiency virus.

a Indirect costs include costs due to mortality of patient (premature death), morbidity of patient (reduced productivity), services of unpaid caregivers, and other related non-health-care costs.

b Year of reference, 1991.

c Year of reference, 1990.

d Year of reference, 1993.

e Year of reference, 1992.

f Year of reference, 1985.

SOURCE: National Institutes of Health, 1997a.



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