basic research. Still others commented that Congress should play a different role in priority setting, including some who believed that it should have greater involvement and some who believed that it should have less involvement. Many commentators noted the importance of increased inclusiveness in the identification of health research needs and highlighted the importance of open communication.
The remainder of this report is organized into sections that address issues related to criteria for priority setting (Chapter 2), priority-setting processes (Chapter 3), mechanisms for public input (Chapter 4), and the role of the U.S. Congress (Chapter 5). Several appendixes (A to D) are included, as follows: Appendix A, Federal Advisory Committees of NIH; Appendix B, Acknowledgments; Appendix C, NIH funding tables; and Appendix D, committee and staff biographies.