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APPENDIX E Physical and Chemical Characteristics of Some Lakes in North America for Which Sediment-Diatom Data Exist . .: · ' ' _ · D FIGURE E.1 Locations of 27 lakes in Regions A and B for which data on diatoms in sediments are available. The number next to each lake corresponds to the order in which it appears in Tables E.1 to E.5. 482

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483 TABLE E. 1 Lake Location and Morphometr~c Data Latitude/ Surface Watershed Maximum Lake Longitude Area (ha) Area (baa) Depth (m) Elevation (m) Adirondack Park, N.Y. 1 Honnedaga Lake 2 Seventh Lake 3 Woodhull Lake 5 Sagamore Lake 6 Woods Lake 8 Deep Lake 9 Lake Arnold 10 Upper Wallface Pond 11 Little Echo 43°30'l5"N 74°49'00"W 43°44'17"N 74°45'50"W 43°34'56"N 74°59'25"W 43°41'00"N 74°55' 16"W 43°45'58"N 74°37'43"W 43°5 1 '56"N 74°57'20"W 7 Big Moose Lake 43°49'02"N 74°5 1 '23"W 43°36'58"N 74°39'52"W 44°07'45"N 73°56'25"W 44°08'47"N 74°03' l5"W 44° 1 8'20"N 74°21 '25"W Pond 331 254 451 18 66 26 515 1050 1100 4893 212 8760 72 0.4 5.5 14 58 58 667 27 544 33 7.0 23.0 12.0 22 24 2.5 9.0 0.8 - 4.5 573 557 580 601 556 789 1150 948 482 N. New England 12 Branch Pond, Vt. 43°04'52"N 21 218 10.0 802 73°01'06"W 13 E. Chairback. 45°27'00"N 16.2 75 17.7 462 Pond, Me. 69°16'35"W 14 Klondike Pond, Me. 45°55'39"N 2 150 2.8 1044 68°56'06"W 15 Ledge Pond, Me. 44°54'47"N 2.4 23 7.3 893 70°32'22"W 16 Mountain Pond 44°53'38"N 16 160 11.0 726 (Rangeley) Me. 70°38'50"W 17 Lake Solitude, N.H. 43°18'25"N 2 14 7.0 750 72°04'05"W 18 Speck Pond, Me. 44°33'49"N 4 39 11 1123 70°58'33"W 19 Tumbledown Pond, 44°45'47"N 3.6 49 6.7 813 Me. 70°32'47"W 20 Unnamed Pond, Me. 45°11'21"N 6 23 6.7 141 68°1 1'08"W 21 Cone Pond, N.H. 43°54' N 4.8 54 8.4 468 71°36' W

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484 TABLE E.1 (continued) Latitude/ Surface Watershed Maximum Lake Longitude Area (ha) Area (baa) Depth (m) Elevation (m) Ontario, Canada Algonquin Prov. Park 22 Delano Lake 45°30' N 30 140 20 454 78°36' W 23 Found Lake 45°33' N 13 1.4 33 442 78°39' W 24 Jake Lake 45°33' N 9 35 13 421 78°33' W N.E. of Lake Superior 25 B 26 CS 48°04' N 85°03' W 48°09' N 84°07' W 27 Batchawana Lake 47°03'55"N (N. Basin) 84°23'30"W Rocky Mt. Natl. Pk., Colo. Emerald Lake Lake Haiyaha Lake Husted Lake Louise 40°17'32"N 105°40'05"W 40°17'31"N 3.9 105°39'43"W 40°30'33"N 105°63'58"W 40°30'29"N 105°37'10"W 25 300 3.8b _ 9 30 1 lb 427 5.9 18.1 11 497 1.9 205 17.0 3110 404 10.0 3110 4.1 107 8.3 3380 2.3 111 6.0 3365 a Not including lake-surface area. b Depth at water-chemistry sampling point.

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503 S · ~ ~ ~ . ~ ~ _ § ~ ~ ~ ~Q ~ O _ ~ ~ o e I' ~ Ei I ~ 1 1 1 1 1 Cal on Cal - I 1 1 1 1 1 . ' em · ' OD · ' ~4 · ~ 04 e ~ ~ e A ~4 e v: .= ~, o 1 z cut cat So c, i, of ~ ~ I To Cal ~ Do oo . . . . . . no ~ ~ an _ ~ ~ ~ so ~C' ACE o C) 0 ~s cry Z ~ ~ ~ .0 ~ m ~ == \0 C` ~ _ . ~ ,~ .3 :5 ~ ~ e , e . ~ ._ 0 ~ ~ ~ ~ ~o e ~ o c~ - x" ~ a s ~ ~ D '~ . a: '~ X _ ~ ·_ cn D . ~ O ~ O ~ ~ S D . _ C~: ~ C~ 43,) == .C~ .= u, D 8 . ~ ~ ~ =~ ,,, e ~ D o ._ C.) ~ ~ == _ ~ C.) — 4_ C~l~ I_ _ O e-~= 0.= · - ·U O ~ C~.~l,= _ c.) c~, U. D O ~ ~= ~ ;- _ O a~ S ~ `~ S _ _ 3 ~ 0 ~ ~ ~v e :~' ~ e ~ g e = ~ ° E ~°° ~ ca D ~ ~ ~ ~

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504 REFERENCES Baron, J. 1983. Comparative water chemistry of four lakes in Rocky Mountain National Park. Water Resour. Bull. 19:897-902. Battarbee, R. W. 1984. Diatom analysis and the acidification of lakes. Phil. Trans. R. Soc. London. 305:451-477. Beeson, D. R. 1984. Historical fluctuations in lake pH as calculated by diatom remains in sediments from Rocky Mountain National Park. Bull. Ecol. Soc. Am. 65:135. Berg, C. O. 1966. Middle Atlantic States. In Limnology in North America, D. G. Frey, ed. The University of Wisconsin Press, Madison, pp. 191-237. Charles, D. F. 1982. Studies of Adirondack Mountain (N.Y.) lakes: limnological characteristics and sediment diatom-water chemistry relationships. Doctoral dissertation,-Indiana University, Bloomington, Ind. Charles, D. F. 1984. Recent pH history of Big Moose Lake (Adirondack Mountains, New York, USA) inferred from sediment diatom assemblages. Int. Ver. Theor. Angew. Limnol. Verh. 22:559-566. Charles, D. F. 1985. Relationships between surface sediment diatom assemblages and lakewater characteristics in Adirondack lakes. Ecology 66:994-1011. Colquhoun, J., W. Krester, and M. Pfeiffer. 1984. Acidity status update of lakes and streams in New York State. New York State Department of Environmental Conservation, Albany, N.Y. 139 pp. Davis, R. B., and D. S. Anderson. 1985. Methods of pH calibration of sedimentary diatom remains for reconstructing history of pH in lakes. Hydrobiologia 120:69-87. Davis, R. B., S. A. Norton, C. T. Hess, and D. F. Brakke. 1983. Paleolimnological reconstruction of the effects of atmospheric deposition of acids and heavy metals on the chemistry and biology of lakes in New England and Norway. Hydrobiologia 103:113-123. Davis, R. B., D. S. Anderson, D. F. Charles, and J. N. Galloway. Two-hundred year pH history of Woods, Sagamore, and Panther Lakes in the Adirondack Mountains, New York State, USA (in preparation). Delorme, L. D., H. C. Duthie, S. R. Esterby, S. M. Smith, and N. S. Harper. Prehistoric inferred pH changes in Batchawana Lake, Ontario from sedimentary diatom assemblages (in preparation).

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