Table 1. Summary of epidemiologic studies of low LET ionizing radiation and cancer since 19901

STUDY

REFERENCE

TYPE OF STUDY

SERIES

SEX

NO. IN STUDY

FOLLOW-UP

PERIOD

CANCER SITES REPORTED

Ankylosing spondylitis patients

Weiss and others, 1994

Weiss and others, 1995

Cohort

Cohort

Mortality

Mortality

Male and Female

Male and Female

15,577

14,767

1935-1992

1935-1992

All cancer and multiple cancer sites

Leukemia

Atomic-bomb survivors

Preston and others, 1994

Thompson and others, 1994

Ron and others, 1995a

Cohort

Cohort

Cohort

Incidence

Incidence

Incidence

Male and Female

Male and Female

Male and Female

93,696

79,972

80,311

1950-1987

1958-1987

1958-1989

Leukemia, lymphoma, multiple myeloma

Multiple cancer sites (solid tumors)

Benign tumors of stomach, colon, and rectum

Atomic-bomb survivors

Pierce and others, 1996

Cohort

Mortality

Male and Female

86,572

1950-1990

Non leukemias, leukemia, and multiple cancer sites

Atomic-bomb survivors

Land and others, 1994a

Land and others, 1994b

Case control

 

Female

Cases: 196 Controls: 566

1955-1981

Breast cancer

Atomic-bomb survivors (in utero cohorts)

Canadian fluoroscopy

Delongchamp and others, 1997

Howe, 1995

Howe and McLaughlin, 1996

Cohort

Cohort

Cohort

Mortality

Mortality

Mortality

Male and Female

Male and Female

Female

17,601

64,172

31,917

1950-1992

1950-1987

1950-1987

Non leukemias, leukemia, and multiple cancer sites

Lung cancer

Breast cancer

Cervical cancer patients

Kleinerman and others, 1995

Cohort

Incidence

Female

86,193

1935-1990

Multiple cancer sites

Contralateral breast (Denmark)

Storm and others, 1992

Case control in cohort

 

Female

Cohort: 56,540 Cases: 691 Controls: 691

1943-1986

Breast cancer



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