Whaley, J.M., and J.B. Little. 1990. Molecular characterization of hprt mutants induced by low-and high-LET radiation in human cells. Mutation Research 243:35-45. Whitmore, G.F., A.J. Varghese, and S. Gulyas. 1989. Cell cycle responses of two X-ray sensitive mutants defective in DNA repair. International Journal of Radiation Biology 56:657-665.
Wiencke, J.K., V. Azfal, and S. Wolff. 1986. Evidence that the thymidine-induced adaptive response of human lymphocytes to subsequent doses of X-rays involves the induction of a chromosomal repair mechanism. Mutagenesis 1:375-380.
Wilson, C.T.R. 1923. Investigation on X-rays and β-rays by the cloud chamber method. Part II - β-rays. Proceedings of the Royal Society Ser. A 104:192-212.
Winegar, R.A., and R.J. Preston. 1985. The induction of chromosome aberrations by restriction endonucleases that produce blunt-end or cohesive-end double-strand breaks. Mutation Research 197:141-149.
Wolff, S. 1992. Low dose exposures and the induction of adaptation. In: Sugahara, T., L.A. Sagan, and T. Aoyama, eds. Low Dose Irradiation and Biological Defense Mechanisms. Excerpta Medica. Amsterdam, London, New York, Tokyo. pp. 21-28.
Wong, F.L., E. Ron, T. Gierlowski, and A.B. Schneider. 1996. Benign thyroid tumors: general risk factors and their effects on radiation risk estimation. American Journal of Epidemiology 144(8):728-733.
Wong, F.L., J.D. Boice, D.H. Abramson, R.E. Tarone, R.A. Kleinerman, M. Stovall, M.B. Goldman, J.M. Seddon, N. Tarbell, J.F. Fraumeni, and F.P. Li. 1997. Cancer incidence after retinoblastoma: radiation dose and sarcoma risk. Journal of American Medical Association 278(15): 1262-1267.
Xia, F., S.A. Amundson, J.A. Nickoloff, and H.L. Liber. 1994. Different capacities for recombination in closely related human lymphoblastoid cell lines with different mutational responses. Molecular and Cellular Biology 14:5850-5857.
Xia, F., X. Wang, Y-H. Wang, N.M. Tsang, D.W. Yandell, K.T. Kelsey, and H.L. Liber. 1995. Altered p53 status correlates with differences in sensitivity to radiation-induced mutation and apoptosis in two closely related human lymphoblast lines. Cancer Research 55:12-15.
Xue, L.-Y., L.R. Friedman, N.L. Oleinick, and S.-M. Chiu. 1994. Induction of DNA damage in γ-irradiated nuclei stripped of nuclear protein classes: differential modulation of double-strand break and DNA-protein crosslink formation. International Journal of Radiation Biology 66:11-21.
Yandell, D.W., T.P. Dryja, and J.B. Little. 1986. Somatic mutations at a heterozygous antosomal locus in human cells occur more frequently by allele loss than by intragenic structural alterations. Somatic Cell Molecular Genetics 12:255-263.
Zhen, W., C.M. Denault, K. Loviscek, S. Walter, L. Geng, and A.T. Vaughan. 1995. The relative radiosensitivity of TK6 and WI-L2-NS lymphoblastoid cells derived from a common source is primarily determined by their p53 mutational status. Mutation Research 346:82-92.