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been more important or intriguing than presently because of the immense interest focused on them by the use of functional brain imaging with PET and fMRI. We have at hand tools with the potential to provide unparalleled insights into some of the most important scientific, medical, and social questions facing mankind. Understanding those tools is clearly a high priority.

I would like to acknowledge many years of generous support from the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke; the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute; The McDonnell Center for Studies of Higher Brain Function at Washington University; as well as The John D. and Katherine T.MacArthur Foundation and The Charles A.Dana Foundation.

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