Table E.1 Demographic Characteristics of US Life-Science PhDs, 1963–1996

 

1963

1964

1965

1966

1967

1968

1969

1970

1971

1972

1973

1974

1975

1976

1977

1978

1979

Total PhDs

2095

2356

2681

2887

3151

3695

4083

4503

4980

4855

4912

4734

4847

4800

4692

4809

4948

%

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

Men

Total

1887

2113

2401

2542

2729

3184

3517

3913

4265

4117

4046

3867

3888

3835

3769

3754

3810

%

90.1

89.7

89.6

88.0

86.6

86.2

86.1

86.9

85.6

84.8

82.4

81.7

80.2

79.9

80.3

78.1

77.0

US citizen/perm. residents

1582

1706

1888

2024

2240

2607

2946

3337

3656

3511

3457

3100

3235

3220

3151

3163

3207

%

75.5

72.4

70.4

70.1

71.1

70.6

72.2

74.1

73.4

72.3

70.4

65.5

66.7

67.1

67.2

65.8

64.8

Women

Total

208

243

280

345

422

511

566

590

715

738

866

867

959

965

923

1055

1138

%

9.9

10.3

10.4

12.0

13.4

13.8

13.9

13.1

14.4

15.2

17.6

18.3

19.8

20.1

19.7

21.9

23.0

US citizen/perm. residents

172

199

245

291

349

460

498

525

637

670

783

752

886

855

804

919

1014

%

8.2

8.4

9.1

10.1

11.1

12.4

12.2

11.7

12.8

13.8

15.9

15.9

18.3

17.8

17.1

19.1

20.5

Whites (all PhDs)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3104

3521

3838

3790

3718

3661

3798

%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

63.2

74.4

79.2

79.0

79.2

76.1

76.8

Whites (US and perms)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2910

3284

3628

3591

3495

3473

3639

%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

59.2

69.4

74.9

74.8

74.5

72.2

73.5

Minorities (US & perms)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

96

96

104

105

109

134

110

%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2.0

2.0

2.1

2.2

2.3

2.8

2.2

Total US & perms

1754

1905

2133

2315

2589

3067

3444

3862

4293

4181

4240

3852

4121

4075

3955

4082

4221

%

83.7

80.9

79.6

80.2

82.2

83.0

84.3

85.8

86.2

86.1

86.3

81.4

85.0

84.9

84.3

84.9

85.3



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