Table F.8 Number of Citizen and Permanent Resident Life-Science PhDs by sector, 1973–1995

 

1973

1977

1981

1985

1989

1993

1995

Unemployed and seeking

343

869

879

1063

852

1414

1682

Part-time employment

809

940

1463

2164

3016

4581

4447

Working outside S&E

951

1775

1606

3392

4355

6378

6457

Tenure-track faculty: PhD-granting inst.

13685

18957

23923

27838

31857

32908

34257

Tenure-track faculty: other inst.

4817

6316

7469

8048

8191

9272

10014

Postdoctoral appointments

2202

4402

5772

6461

7567

8316

9851

Other academic appointments

1401

1438

3062

4251

5734

6532

7828

Industry

3547

5938

8845

13308

17724

20517

21185

Federal labs & other gov't

4406

6174

7503

8474

10160

10675

11143

Self-employed & others

1835

3117

4550

6035

7196

7733

8120

Total PhDs in workforce

33996

49926

65072

81034

96652

103920

114984



The National Academies | 500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement