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APPENDIX B Biographical Sketches of Committee Members John T. Andrews (Chair) is a professor at the University of Colorado at Boulder, Institute of Arctic and Alpine Research. His main research is in the Quaternary history of Arctic areas with special interest in glacial and glacial marine systems. His work has addressed glacial marine processes at high latitudes, reconstruction and history of large Quaternary ice sheets, paleoceanography on high latitude shelves and adjacent seas, and paleoclimatology of arctic lakes and estuaries. He has extensive field experience in the Arctic, having worked in Alaska, Canada, Europe, Greenland, and Iceland as well as in the Ross Sea, Antarctica. Susan K. Avery is director of the Cooperative Institute for Research in Environ- mental Sciences at the University of Colorado, Boulder. Her research involves the dynamics of the mesosphere and stratosphere, unifying observational analy- ses and theoretical studies, modeling large-scale atmospheric waves, and ground- based measurement techniques to observe the atmosphere. Marianne S.V. Douglas is an assistant professor in the Department of Geology at the University of Toronto, Ontario. Her research interests are arctic limnology, diatom ecology and taxonomy, paleolimnology, paleoecology, paleoclimates, autecology. She has been involved in multiple limnological surveys of arctic regions. Bernard Hallet is a professor in the Department of Geology and the Quaternary Research Center, University of Washington, Seattle. His research interests are permafrost studies and glacial and periglacial geomorphology, especially pro 66

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APPENDIX B 67 cesses that shape the landscape in arctic and alpine areas. He is a member of the Polar Research Board. Paul A. Mayewski is director of the Climate Change Research Center and a professor in the Institute for the Study of Earth, Oceans and Space and Depart- ment of Earth Sciences at the University of New Hampshire. His expertise is in paleoclimatology, glaciology, and ice core research; and his research interests include climate and environmental change and environmental statistics. He has extensive field experience in the Arctic, Antarctic, and Asia and has been an active leader in a variety of major global change initiatives. James H. Morison is an oceanographer and the department chairman of the Polar Science Center/Applied Physics Laboratory, College of Ocean and Fishery Sciences, University of Washington, Seattle. He developed the Arctic Profiling System for measuring vertical profiles of conductivity, temperature, and velocity, and other scientific equipment. His research interests include seasonal variation and hydrography of the Arctic Ocean and autonomous vehicle and hydrographic buoy measurements and related ocean processes. Dr. Morison is a member of the Polar Research Board. Kim M. Peterson is a professor of biological sciences at the University of Alaska, Anchorage. His research interests are in arctic landscape ecology and climate change effects, especially the carbon balance of tundra and taiga and the effects of increased CO2 and methane, and regional ecosystems integration. He has extensive experience in understanding the structure and functions of arctic eco- systems. Donald B. Siniff is a professor in the Department of Ecology, Evolution, and Behavior at the University of Minnesota. He has broad research interests in ecology and biometry, including vertebrate ecology, statistical and computer applications in field studies, and population dynamics of large mammals. He is experienced in both Arctic and Antarctic research, and at one point served as a commissioner for the U.S. Marine Mammal Commission. Roger W. Smith is associate director of the Geophysical Institute, University of Alaska, Fairbanks. His research interests are in solar-terrestrial physics, includ- ing Doppler shift and spectral features in the aurora and airglow, and the dynam- ics and thermodynamics of the upper atmosphere.