Appendix A
Acronyms and Abbreviations


ACTH

Adrenocorticotropic hormone

ADH

Antidiuretic hormone

ALS

Advanced Life Support (program)

ANS

Autonomic nervous system

AT

Ataxia telangiectasia


BMC

Bone mineral content

BMD

Bone mineral density

BMP

Bone morphogenetic proteins


CAM

Cell adhesion molecule

CELSS

Closed Ecological Life Support System program (NASA)

CRM

Crew resource management

CSA

Canadian Space Agency

CSBM

Committee on Space Biology and Medicine

CSST

Crew Status and Support Tracker

CVP

Central venous pressure


DEZ

Distal elongation zone (of a plant root)

DNA

Deoxyribonucleic acid


EEG

Electroencephalograph

EGG

Electrogastrogram

EKG

Electrocardiograph

ELISA

Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay

ES

Embryonic stem (cell)

ESA

European Space Agency

EVA

Extravehicular activity


FGF

Fibroblast growth factor

fMRI

Functional magnetic resonance imaging


GCR

Galactic cosmic radiation



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--> Appendix A Acronyms and Abbreviations ACTH Adrenocorticotropic hormone ADH Antidiuretic hormone ALS Advanced Life Support (program) ANS Autonomic nervous system AT Ataxia telangiectasia BMC Bone mineral content BMD Bone mineral density BMP Bone morphogenetic proteins CAM Cell adhesion molecule CELSS Closed Ecological Life Support System program (NASA) CRM Crew resource management CSA Canadian Space Agency CSBM Committee on Space Biology and Medicine CSST Crew Status and Support Tracker CVP Central venous pressure DEZ Distal elongation zone (of a plant root) DNA Deoxyribonucleic acid EEG Electroencephalograph EGG Electrogastrogram EKG Electrocardiograph ELISA Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay ES Embryonic stem (cell) ESA European Space Agency EVA Extravehicular activity FGF Fibroblast growth factor fMRI Functional magnetic resonance imaging GCR Galactic cosmic radiation

OCR for page 251
--> GH Growth hormone GM-CFU Granulocyte macrophage colony forming unit HPA Hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis HU Hindlimb unloading HZE High atomic number (Z), high energy ICE Isolated and confined environments ICRP International Commission on Radiological Protection Ig Immunoglobulin IGF Insulin-like growth factor IL Interleukin IML International Microgravity Laboratory ISS International Space Station JSC Johnson Space Center LBNP Lower body negative pressure LEO Low Earth orbit LET Linear energy transfer LMS Life and Microgravity Sciences (1996 shuttle mission) LOFT Line-oriented flight training MRI Magnetic resonance imaging NAS National Academy of Sciences NASA National Aeronautics and Space Administration NASDA National Space Development Agency of Japan NCRP National Council on Radiation Protection and Measurements NIH National Institutes of Health NRA NASA Research Announcement NRC National Research Council NSCORT NASA Specialized Centers of Research and Training NSF National Science Foundation PCR Polymerase chain reaction PI Principal investigator PTH Parathyroid hormone RBC Red blood cell RBE Relative biological effectiveness RNA Ribonucleic acid RSA Russian Space Agency SAM Sympathetic-adrenal-medullary system SL-J Space Laboratory-Japan SLS Spacelab for Life Sciences SMS Space motion sickness SMSP Shuttle-Mir Space Program SPE Solar particle event TGF Tumor growth factor TNF Tumor necrosis factor VOR Vestibular ocular reflex, vestibulo-ocular reflex