Schneider AB, Ron E, Lubin J, Stovall M, Gierlowski TC. 1993. Dose-response relationships for radiation-induced thyroid cancer and thyroid nodules: evidence for the prolonged effects of radiation on the thyroid. Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism 77(2):362-369.

Schneider AB, Bekerman C, Leland J. 1997. Thyroid nodules in the follow-up of irradiated individuals: comparison of thyroid ultrasound with scanning and palpation. J Clin Endoc Metab 82:4020-4027.

Shimaoka K, Bakri K, et al. 1982. Thyroid screening program; follow-up evaluation. New York State Journal of Medicine, 82(8):1184-1187.

Shore, R. E., Hildreth, N., et al. (1993). Thyroid cancer among persons given X-ray treatment in infancy for an enlarged thymus gland. American Journal of Epidemiology, 137(10):1068-1080.

Shore RE. 1992. Issues and epidemiological evidence regarding radiation-induced thyroid cancer. Radiation Research 1312(1):98-111.

Shore RE, Hildreth N, et al. 1993. Thyroid cancer among persons given X-ray treatment in infancy for enlarged thymus gland. American Journal of Epidemiology, 137(10):1068-1080.

Simpson WJ, McKinney SE, et al. 1987. Papillary and follicular thyroid cancer. Prognostic factors in 1,578 patients. American Journal of Medicine 83(3):479-88.

Spiliotis J, Scopa CD, et al. 1991. Diagnosis of thyroid cancer in southwestern Greece. Bulletin du Cancer 78(10):953-9.

Takahashi T, Trott KR, et al. 1997. An investigation into the prevalence of thyroid disease on Kwajalein Atoll, Marshall Islands. Health Physics 73(1):199-213.

Takashima S, Fukuda H, et al. 1994. Thyroid nodules: clinical effect of ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration biopsy. Journal of Clinical Ultrasound 22(9):535-42.

Tan GH, Gharib H, Reading CC. 1995. Solitary thyroid nodule. Comparison between palpation and ultrasonography. Archives of Internal Medicine, 155(22):2418-2423.

Tan GH, Gharib H. 1997. Thyroid incidentalomas: management approaches to nonpalpable nodules discovered incidentally on thyroid imaging. Annals of Internal Medicine, 126(3):226-231.

Tubiana M, Schlumberger M, et al. 1985. Long-term results and prognostic factors in patients with differentiated thyroid carcinoma. Cancer 55(4):794-804.

Tucker MA, Jones PH, et al. 1991. Therapeutic radiation at a young age is linked to secondary thyroid cancer. The Late Effects Study Group. Cancer Research, 51(11):2885-2888.

Tunbridge WM, Evered DC, et al. 1977. The spectrum of thyroid disease in a community: the Whickham survey. Clinical Endocrinology, 7(6):481-493.

USDHHS (U. S. Department of Health and Human Services, National Cancer Institute). 1997. Estimated exposures and thyroid doses received by the American people from iodine-131 in fallout following Nevada atmospheric nuclear bomb test. NIH Pub. 97-4264.

Vander JB, Gaston EA, Dawber TR. 1954. The significance of nontoxic thyroid nodules. Preliminary report. New England Journal of Medicine 251(24):970-973.

Vander JB, Gaston EA, Dawber TR. 1968. The significance of nontoxic thyroid nodules. Final report of a 15-year study of the incidence of thyroid malignancy. Annals of Internal Medicine, 69(3):537-540.

Watters DA, Ahuja AT, et al. 1992. Role of ultrasound in the management of thyroid nodules. American Journal of Surgery 164(6):654-7.

Wingo PA, Tong T, et al. 1995. Cancer statistics, 1995 [published erratum appears in CA Cancer J Clin 1995 Mar-Apr; 45(2):127-8]. CA: a Cancer Journal for Clinicians 45(1):8-30.

Woestyn J, Afschrift M, Schelstraete K, Vermeulen A. 1985. Demonstration of nodules in the normal thyroid by echography. British Journal of Radiology 58(696):1179-1182.

The National Academies | 500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement