Committee Biographies

COMMITTEE ON THYROID SCREENING RELATED TO I-131 EXPOSURE

ROBERT LAWRENCE, M.D., Co-Chair, is the Associate Dean for Professional Education and Programs and Professor of Health Policy at Johns Hopkins University School of Hygiene and Public Health. Dr. Lawrence is a member of the Institute of Medicine and currently serves as the chair of the Committee on Priorities for Vaccine Development. He recently chaired the Committee on Health Services in the U.S.-Associated Pacific Basin. Prior committee memberships have included: IOM Committee on Health and Human Rights (chair), Committee on Human Rights of the NAS, NAE, and IOM, Subcommittee to Evaluate NASA Medical Surveillance Data Sheets, and the Board on Health Promotion and Disease Prevention (chair). His expertise and research interests include community and social medicine, human rights, health promotion and disease prevention, evidence-based decision rules for prevention policy, and international health.

CATHERINE BORBAS, PH.D., Executive Director of the Healthcare Education and Research Foundation in St. Paul, Minnesota is an expert in the area of managed care and practice guidelines. Prior committee membership includes the Committee on Methods for Setting Priorities for Guidelines for the Division of Health Care Services of the Institute of Medicine. Dr. Borbas has published in the areas of clinical guidelines methodology, assessment, and implementation. Dr. Borbas earned her Ph.D. in social work and masters in public health from the University of Minnesota.



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Exposure of the American People to Iodine-131 from Nevada Nuclear-Bomb Tests: Review of the National Cancer Institute Report and Public Health Implications Committee Biographies COMMITTEE ON THYROID SCREENING RELATED TO I-131 EXPOSURE ROBERT LAWRENCE, M.D., Co-Chair, is the Associate Dean for Professional Education and Programs and Professor of Health Policy at Johns Hopkins University School of Hygiene and Public Health. Dr. Lawrence is a member of the Institute of Medicine and currently serves as the chair of the Committee on Priorities for Vaccine Development. He recently chaired the Committee on Health Services in the U.S.-Associated Pacific Basin. Prior committee memberships have included: IOM Committee on Health and Human Rights (chair), Committee on Human Rights of the NAS, NAE, and IOM, Subcommittee to Evaluate NASA Medical Surveillance Data Sheets, and the Board on Health Promotion and Disease Prevention (chair). His expertise and research interests include community and social medicine, human rights, health promotion and disease prevention, evidence-based decision rules for prevention policy, and international health. CATHERINE BORBAS, PH.D., Executive Director of the Healthcare Education and Research Foundation in St. Paul, Minnesota is an expert in the area of managed care and practice guidelines. Prior committee membership includes the Committee on Methods for Setting Priorities for Guidelines for the Division of Health Care Services of the Institute of Medicine. Dr. Borbas has published in the areas of clinical guidelines methodology, assessment, and implementation. Dr. Borbas earned her Ph.D. in social work and masters in public health from the University of Minnesota.

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Exposure of the American People to Iodine-131 from Nevada Nuclear-Bomb Tests: Review of the National Cancer Institute Report and Public Health Implications J. WILLIAM CHARBONEAU, M.D., is Professor of Radiology at the Mayo Medical School in Rochester Minnesota. He is also a staff physician at the Mayo Clinic Department of Radiology. He is a member of the American Medical Association, American College of Radiology, American Roentgen Ray Society, Radiologic Society of North America, Society of Gastrointestinal Radiology, Society of Radiologists in Ultrasound, and Zumbro Valley Medical Society. He has published 100 articles in professional journals since 1976. He was the coeditor for two textbooks on ultrasonography and two course syllabi on sonography. He was also the assistant editor for the Mayo Clinic Family Health Book published in 1990. Dr. Charboneau received his M.D. from the University of Wisconsin where he also completed graduate work in anatomy. He did his residency at the Mayo Graduate School of Medicine. He is licensed to practice medicine in Minnesota, Iowa and Wisconsin, and he is American board certified in radiology. VIRGINIA A. LIVOLSI, M.D., is Professor of Pathology in the Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine. She has received the Medal of Honor from Tokyo University in Tokyo, Japan. She is a member of the National Action Plan on Breast Cancer: Biological Resources Bank Working Group and served a member of the review committee of the Specialized Programs for Research Excellence in Breast Cancer (1992). Since 1990 she has written 15 articles and papers on various aspects of thyroid cancer for numerous publications including Endocrine Pathology, American Journal of Clinical Pathology, Clinical Oncology, Modern Pathology, Human Pathology, and Cancer. Dr. LiVolsi received her M.D. from Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons. She interned in pathology at Columbia-Presbyterian Medical Center in New York and she worked in a National Cancer Institute Traineeship in Surgical Pathology as well as served as the Chief Resident in Pathology at Columbia-Presbyterian Medical Center. ERNEST L. MAZZAFERRI, M.D., M.A.C.P., Professor and Chairman of the Department of Internal Medicine at The Ohio State University in Columbus, OH is internationally known for his work in the treatment of thyroid cancer. He is the former chair of the American College of Physicians' Clinical Efficacy Assessment Subcommittee and has published articles on screening and treatment effectiveness. STEPHEN G. PAUKER, M.D. Vice Chairman for Clinical Affairs, New England Medical Center, and Professor of Medicine, Tufts University is an expert on clinical decision making and evidence-based medicine. Dr. Pauker is a member of the Institute of Medicine. Previously, he has served on the Committee to Evaluate the Artificial Heart Program of the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute and the Workshops on the National Institutes of Health Consensus Development Process and the Use of Drugs in the Elderly, both within the IOM. His publications and

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Exposure of the American People to Iodine-131 from Nevada Nuclear-Bomb Tests: Review of the National Cancer Institute Report and Public Health Implications research have addressed decisions about screening for cancer and other conditions. Dr. Pauker earned his medical degree at Harvard University in 1968 and trained in internal medicine and cardiology at Boston City and Massachusetts General Hospitals and the New England Medical Center, all in Boston. HENRY ROYAL, M.D., is the Associate Director of the Division of Nuclear Medicine at the Mallinckrodt Institute of Radiology in St. Louis and is a Professor of Radiology at the Washington University School of Medicine. Dr. Royal earned his M.D. from St. Louis University. He is board-certified in internal medicine and in nuclear medicine. In 1990, Dr. Royal was the Co-Team Leader of the Health Effects Portion of the IAEA's International Chernobyl Project. In 1994-1995, he was a member of the Presidential Committee on Human Radiation Experiments. Dr. Royal is currently a Council Member of the National Council of Radiation Protection and Measurements and is a member of the Veterans Advisory Committee on Environmental Hazards. SAMUEL A. WELLS, JR., M.D., is the Bixby Professor of Surgery and Chairman of the Department of Surgery at the Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, Missouri. Dr. Wells is a member of the Institute of Medicine, the American Association for Cancer Research, the American College of Surgeons (Fellow), the American Society of Clinical Oncology, the American Society for Clinical Investigation, the American Surgical Association, the Association of American Physicians, the Endocrine Society, the Society for Surgical Oncology, and several other professional societies. He has served on national and international committees for the General Motors Cancer Research Foundation, the John A. Hartford Foundation, the Lasker Award Jury, the National Institutes of Health, and the Societe Internationale de Chirurgie. STEVEN H. WOOLF, M.D., Professor of Family Medicine at the Department of Family Practice at the Medical College of Virginia, is proposed as an expert on the development of clinical practice guidelines and on evidence-based medicine. Dr. Woolf has served on the Committee on Children, Health Insurance, and Access to Care created by the Board on Children, Youth and Families of the Institute of Medicine. He practices Family Medicine at the Fairfax Family Practice Center, Fairfax, Virginia. As Scientific Advisor to the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force from 1987 to 1996, Dr. Woolf has special expertise in the evaluation of screening tests. Dr. Woolf earned his medical degree at Emory University School of Medicine in 1984, interned at George Washington University Hospital in Washington, DC, did a residency in preventive medicine at Johns Hopkins University Hospital in Baltimore, MD and a residency in family practice at the Medical College of Virginia in Fairfax, VA.

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Exposure of the American People to Iodine-131 from Nevada Nuclear-Bomb Tests: Review of the National Cancer Institute Report and Public Health Implications COMMITTEE ON EXPOSURE OF THE AMERICAN PEOPLE TO I-131 FROM THE NEVADA ATOMIC BOMB TESTS WILLIAM J. SCHULL, PH.D., Co-Chair, is the Director of the Human Genetics Center at the University of Texas' School of Public Health. His specialty is human genetics and his primary research interest is radiation biology. In addition to a distinguished academic career, Dr. Schull previously served as the Head of the Department of Genetics with the Atomic Bomb Casualty Commission (ABCC) in Japan and later went on to become one of the Directors of the ABCC's successor organization, the Radiation Effects Research Foundation. Dr. Schull is the recipient of numerous awards, including the Order of the Sacred Treasure, Third Class. Dr. Schull is the member of several professional societies including the American Epidemiological Society, the American Society of Human Genetics, the Radiation Research Society, and the Society for the Study of Human Biology. KEITH BAVERSTOCK, PH.D., a graduate of London University, has led the Radiation Protection Programme at the World Health Organization European Centre for Environment and Health in Rome, Italy since its foundation in 1991. This program was instrumental in bringing to world attention the increase in thyroid cancer in Belarus, now attributed to the Chernobyl accident. Prior to 1991 Dr. Baverstock was at the UK Medical Research Council Radiobiology Unit at Harwell, UK where he pursued a wide range of scientific research interests related to the public and occupational health aspects of exposure to ionizing radiation. He managed and analyzed the survey of UK radium luminizers, which has provided direct information on the effects of exposure to ionizing radiation at low dose rates. He held a visiting research appointment at the Institute of Chemical and Physical Sciences, RIKEN, Wako-shi, Japan, working on the effects of heavy ion radiation of DNA. During his tenure with the Medical Research Council Dr. Baverstock served as secretary to, and served upon a number of committees charged with advising the Council on the biological bases of the effects of ionizing radiation on man. Also during this tenure Dr. Baverstock served on the oversight committee for the Nation-wide Radiological Survey of the Marshall Islands and was Chairman of the Scientific Management Team of the Rongelap Resettlement Project. STEPHEN BENJAMIN, PH.D., Colorado State University, Fort Collins, Colorado. Dr. Benjamin is Professor in the Department of Pathology, Radiological Health Sciences, and Environmental Health in the College of Veterinary Medicine and Biomedical Sciences at Colorado State University. He is also Co-director of the Center for Environmental Toxicology and Technology at Colorado State. He earned his D.V.M. and Ph.D. degrees at Cornell University and is board-certified in veterinary pathology. He was formerly the associate dean of the Graduate School and director of the Collaborative Radiological Health Laboratory at Colorado

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Exposure of the American People to Iodine-131 from Nevada Nuclear-Bomb Tests: Review of the National Cancer Institute Report and Public Health Implications State University. He has served on the National Academy of Sciences Committee on Assessment of Center for Disease Control Radiation Studies and on the Subcommittee on Liver Risk of the National Council on Radiation Protection and Measurements. Dr. Benjamin's research expertise is in experimental carcinogenesis with an emphasis on radiation and environmental chemicals, including thyroid carcinogenesis. PATRICIA BUFFLER, PH.D., is Dean and Professor of Epidemiology at the University of California, Berkeley School of Public Health. Her current research interests in epidemiology include studies of leukemia in children, health effects of environmental tobacco smoke, and health effects of non-ionizing radiation. She has served on numerous national and international advisory groups including advisory committees to the Department of Energy, the Department of Defense, the Department of Health and Human Services, the Environmental Agency, the Office of the President, the National Research Council and the World Health Organization. Since 1996 she has served as a Visiting Director for the US-Japan Radiation Effects Research Foundation. She has served as President for the Society of Epidemiologic Research, the American College of Epidemiology, and the International Society for Environmental Epidemiology and is currently an officer of the Medical Sciences Council of the American Association for the Advancement of Science. She was awarded the American College of Epidemiology Lilienfeld Award in 1996. She is a Fellow of both the American College of Epidemiology and the Association for the Advancement of Science and a member of the Institute of Medicine/National Academy of Sciences. SHARON DUNWOODY, PH.D., University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, WI. Dr. Sharon Dunwoody is Evjue-Bascom Professor of Journalism and Mass Communication at the University of Wisconsin-Madison. She also serves as Chair of Academic Programs for the University's Institute for Environmental Studies and as Head of the Center for Environmental Communication and Education Studies (CECES). She earned her Ph.D. in mass communication at Indiana University before moving to UW-Madison in 1981. She studies the role of the mass media in public understanding of science and has authored numerous journal articles, book chapters, and books on the topic. She is a member of the Committee on the Public Understanding of Science and Technology of the American Association for the Advancement of Science and a member of the NRC's Commission on Life Sciences. PETER GROER, PH.D., is Associate Professor in the Department of Nuclear Engineering at the University of Tennessee-Knoxville. Dr. Groer earned his Ph.D. in Theoretical Physics from the University of Vienna, Austria. He teaches undergraduate and graduate courses in radiation protection, radiation risk, and reliability analysis. His research interests include Bayesian methods for radiation detection,

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Exposure of the American People to Iodine-131 from Nevada Nuclear-Bomb Tests: Review of the National Cancer Institute Report and Public Health Implications dosimetry and risk and reliability analysis. He has served on the editorial board of Risk Analysis. He was a member of the NRC Committee on the Health Effects of Radon and Other Internally Deposited Alpha Emitters (BEIR IV) and served on several scientific committees of the National Council on Radiation Protection and Measurements. He is presently a member of the EPA Science Advisory Board's Uncertainty in Radiogenic Risks Subcommittee. He is an avid tennis player and was on Austria's Olympic Basketball Team in 1960 and 1964. ROBERT LAWRENCE, M.D. (see above). CARL MANSFIELD, M.D., is Chairman of the Radiation Oncology Department at the University of Maryland Medical Systems. His research interest has been in the treatment of cancer with emphasis on breast cancer. Dr. Mansfield has done extensive research in radiation dosimetry and brachytherapy. From 1976 to 1983, Dr. Mansfield was Chairman of the Department of Radiation Oncology at the University of Kansas. From 1983 through 1995, Dr. Mansfield was Professor and Chairman of the Department of Radiation Oncology and Nuclear Medicine at Thomas Jefferson University Hospital. From 1995 to 1997, he was the Associate Director of the Radiation Research Program at the National Cancer Institute. Dr. Mansfield is a Fellow of the American College of Radiology, the American College of Nuclear Medicine, and the Philadelphia College of Physicians. Dr. Mansfield has served on committees for the National Cancer Institute and the National Research Council. JAMES MARTIN, PH.D., is an Associate Professor of Radiological Health at the University of Michigan. His undergraduate degree is in physics and he received the MPH (1961) and Ph.D. (1965) degrees in radiological health from the University of Michigan. He is a certified Health Physicist (ABHP) and his research, teaching, and service is in radiation protection, radiation physics, radioactive waste management, radiological assessment, radioanalytical measurements, internal radiation dosimetry, and radiation protection standards. He is Project Director, International Low-level Radiation Waste Research and Education Institute and Director of the Michigan Radon Research and Training Center at the university. From 1979 to 1981 he managed Colorado's hazardous and solid waste program. From 1957 to 1978, he was with the USPHS and EPA where his duties involved environmental studies for reactors and nuclear fallout, technology assessments, and development of uranium fuel cycle standards and federal x-ray guides (issued by the President). He also directed EPA's program on radwaste standards. He served as a recent member of the Secretary of Energy's Advisory Committee on Nuclear Facility Safety for review of DOE facilities, and as a member of EPA's Science Advisory Board, Radiation Advisory Committee. He was the former Chair and Commissioner of the Michigan Toxic Substance Control Commission and was a member of the Governor's Task Force on High Level

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Exposure of the American People to Iodine-131 from Nevada Nuclear-Bomb Tests: Review of the National Cancer Institute Report and Public Health Implications Radioactive Waste, a panelist on EPA's workshop to revise national drinking water standards for radioactivity, and a member of the external review committee, Los Alamos National Laboratory Weapons Division. He is currently a member of the National Advisory Committee on Environmental Policy and Technology WIPP Subcommittee and a member of the NAS/NRC Committee on CDC Dose Reconstruction Studies for DOE facilities, and current Chair of the DOE Environmental Management Advisory Board (EMAB) Committee to develop guiding principles for remediation of old Manhattan Project Sites. ERNEST MAZZAFERRI, M.D. (see above). KATHRYN MERRIAM, PH.D., is the owner and president of two companies. The first, Synthesis, Inc., offers career counseling, personality style workshops, focus groups, ethnographic research into human behavior, and grant writing. The second is Project Turnaround, a non-profit corporation dedicated to working with high school dropout and at-risk youth. She is a past member of the local school district Board of Trustees. She has developed and implemented school curricula for the education of gifted students in California, Idaho, Connecticut, and Alaska. She is currently chair of the Bannock County Planning and Development Council, vice chair of the Bannock Planning Organization Citizen's Advisory Committee, Secretary of the Idaho Planning Association, and is on both the local and the state Board of Directors for the League of Women Voters of Idaho. She has received numerous grants to increase public involvement in issues related to nuclear waste, land use, and the deregulation of electricity. DADE MOELLER, PH.D., is President, Dade Moeller & Associates, Inc., New Bern, NC. He earned B.S. (civil engineering) and M.S. (environmental engineering) degrees at the Georgia Institute of Technology and a Ph.D. (nuclear engineering) degree from North Carolina State University. From 1948 to 1966 he was a commissioned officer in the U.S. Public Health Service. During this time, he served as a research engineer at the Los Alamos and Oak Ridge National Laboratories; as Director, Radiological Health Training, Taft Sanitary Engineering Center, Cincinnati, OH; and as Director, Northeastern Radiological Health Laboratory, Winchester, MA. From 1966 to 1993, he was a member of the faculty at the Harvard School of Public Health. This included an initial appointment as Chair, Department of Environmental Health Sciences, and later as Associate Dean for Continuing Education. From 1973 to 1988 he served as a member of the Advisory Committee on Reactor Safeguards, U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission, and from 1988 to 1993 he chaired that Agency's Advisory Committee on Nuclear Waste. He is past-president of the Health Physics Society, a member of the National Academy of Engineering, an honorary member of the National Council on Radiation Protection and Measurements, and the recipient of the Meritorious Achievement Award, U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission, and the Distinguished

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Exposure of the American People to Iodine-131 from Nevada Nuclear-Bomb Tests: Review of the National Cancer Institute Report and Public Health Implications Achievement Award, Health Physics Society. Dr. Moeller is a registered professional engineer, he is certified by the American Board of Health Physics, and he is a diplomate of the American Academy of Environmental Engineers. CHRISTOPHER NELSON, B.S., is an Environmental Engineer at the Environmental Protection Agency's Office of Radiation and Indoor Air. Mr. Nelson has worked for the EPA for over twenty-five years. His specialties are radiation risk assessment and air dispersion modeling. Mr. Nelson has authored or co-authored several published papers and, for his work with the EPA, has received four EPA Bronze Medals. Mr. Nelson is currently a member of the NRC's Committee on an Assessment of CDC Radiation Studies. HENRY ROYAL, M.D. (see above). RICHARD H. SCHULTZ, M.S., is the Administrator of the Idaho State Division of Health, Department of Health and Welfare. Mr. Schultz has worked in public health for over nineteen years, the last eleven of which he has served as the State Health Official for Idaho. Mr. Schultz has represented Idaho's public health interests in addressing radiation exposure issues associated with Hanford, Washington, and Idaho National Environmental Engineering Laboratory. He serves as a member of the Tri-State Executive Committee for the Hanford Health Information Network and as a member of the Association of State and Territorial Health Officials, Health Information and Core Public Health Policy Committee. DANIEL STRAM, PH.D., is an Associate Professor in the Department of Preventative Medicine at the University of Southern California. Dr. Stram earned his Ph.D. in Statistics from Temple University, and subsequently engaged in postdoctoral research in Biostatistics at the Harvard School of Public Health. From 1986 to 1989 he was a member of the Statistics Department of the Radiation Effects Research Foundation in Hiroshima. Since 1990, Dr. Stram has been a major participant in NIH funded clinical research and epidemiology in childhood and adult cancers at the University of Southern California and the Children's Cancer Group. His radiation-related work in Hiroshima and U.S.C. has concentrated on statistical aspects of the dosimetry systems used for the A-bomb survivors and for the U.S. uranium miner's cohort study. Dr. Stram is presently a member of the NRC Board on Radiation Effects Research. ROBERT G. THOMAS, PH.D., formerly of the Los Alamos National Laboratory, is a private consultant involved in lectures and workshops concerning the decommissioning, decontamination, and restoration of nuclear facilities. He attended the University of Rochester on a fellowship in radiological physics and subsequently received his Ph.D. in Radiobiology and Biophysics. Dr. Thomas was one of the planners and implementers in establishing the Inhalation Toxicology Research

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Exposure of the American People to Iodine-131 from Nevada Nuclear-Bomb Tests: Review of the National Cancer Institute Report and Public Health Implications Institute in Albuquerque. He was an Assistant Professor at the University of Rochester and an Adjunct Professor at the University of New Mexico. His research interests focused on establishing acceptable guidelines for exposure to radionuclides. He led a team of radiological health experts into Romania, Russia, and the Ukraine immediately following the Chernobyl accident. Dr. Thomas is currently on committees for the National Council for Radiation Protection and Measurements and for the International Commission on Radiological Protection.