important role in the way the universe works and how elements are synthesized in the cosmos. The properties of such nuclei are essential to a quantitative understanding of these processes. Advances in detector technology promise a wealth of new information for nuclear structure studies. New capabilities in electron scattering will provide key information on the short-distance aspects of nuclear structure.
Links in the chain that connect the fundamental theory of strong interactions of quarks and gluons to the properties of actual nuclei need to be better understood. Advances in computer technology and theoretical many-body techniques will make it possible to derive nuclear forces from the dynamics of the quarks and gluons that are confined within nucleons and mesons. New calculations will reveal the links between nuclear forces and effective nuclear interactions acting in complex nuclei. Fundamental questions concerning nuclear dynamics will be answered about the microscopic mechanism governing the large amplitude collective motion, the manifestations of short-range correlations, and the impact of the Pauli exclusion principle on nuclear collective modes. The interdisciplinary character of these studies, common frontiers with condensed matter physics and atomic physics, will be of increasing interest.