Judith Bannon Snow leads the High Explosives Science and Technology group at Los Alamos National Laboratory and is involved with explosives synthesis, formulation, chemical analysis, mechanical properties testing, micro-mechanical physics, nonshock initiation, deflagration to detonation theory, slow combustion, thermal studies, safety assessment, performance assessment, aging studies, and demilitarization of energetic materials. Prior to coming to Los Alamos, she spent 10 years at the Naval Undersea Warfare Center in New London, Connecticut, where she directed the Marine Optics Laboratory. Previously, she did nonlinear optics research in applied physics at Yale University. Dr. Snow has two patent awards and numerous scientific publications in laser spectroscopy, microparticle scattering, and nonlinear optics. She earned a Ph.D. in chemistry from Wesleyan University (Connecticut) and was a Sloan Fellow at the Stanford University Graduate School of Business, where she received an M.S. in management. She was a member of the NRC Committee on Marking, Rendering Inert, and Licensing of Explosive Materials.

Ronald R. Vandebeek is the laboratory manager for the Canadian Explosives Research Laboratory (CERL), Canada Centre for Mineral and Energy Technology. He works on testing, hazard evaluation, and development of energetic materials. He has been at CERL for 27 years and has been manager of the facility since 1981. The responsibilities of CERL include the technical issues related to classification and regulation of explosives, as well as environmental effects of their use.

Raymond S. Voorhees oversees the research and examination programs and activities of the Physical Evidence Section, U.S. Postal Inspection Service, which is responsible for nationwide crime scene response, including bombings. He also continues to work as a forensic analyst, performing chemical, instrumental, and microscopic examinations of physical evidence, and testifying about the results of such work. Before joining the U.S. Postal Inspection Service in 1983, he spent 13 years with the Metropolitan Police Department of Washington, D.C.



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