BOX 1-1 NASA's Three Pillars and Ten Enabling Technology Goals to Achieve National Priorities in Aeronautics and Space Transportation

Pillar One: Global Civil Aviation

Goal 1: Reduce emissions of future aircraft by a factor of three within 10 years and by a factor of five within 20 years.

Goal 2: Reduce the perceived noise levels of future aircraft by a factor of two from today's subsonic aircraft within 10 years and by a factor of four within 20 years.

Goal 3: Reduce the aircraft accident rate by a factor of five within 10 years and by a factor of 10 within 20 years.

Goal 4: While maintaining safety, triple the aviation system throughput, in all weather conditions, within 10 years.

Goal 5: Reduce the cost of air travel by 25 percent within 10 years and by 50 percent within 20 years.

Pillar Two: Revolutionary Technology Leaps

Goal 6: Provide next-generation design tools and experimental aircraft to increase design confidence and cut the development cycle time for aircraft in half.

Goal 7: Invigorate the general aviation industry, delivering 10,000 aircraft annually within 10 years and 20,000 aircraft annually within 20 years.

Goal 8: Reduce the travel time to the Far East and Europe by 50 percent within 20 years and do so at today's subsonic ticket prices.

Pillar Three: Access to Space

Goal 9: Reduce the payload cost to low-Earth orbit by an order of magnitude, from $10,000 to $1,000 per pound, within 10 years.

Goal 10: Reduce the payload cost to low-Earth orbit by an additional order of magnitude, from $1,000's to $100's per pound, by 2020.



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