D
Biographical Sketches

BARBARA O. SCHNEEMAN (Chair) serves as dean, College of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences, and professor of nutrition in the Departments of Nutrition and of Food Science and Technology and in the Division of Clinical Nutrition and Metabolism (School of Medicine), University of California, Davis. Her professional activities include membership on the Dietary Guidelines Advisory Committee, the Board of Trustees of the International Life Sciences Institute America, and editorial boards for Proceedings of the Society of Experimental Biology and Medicine, Food and Nutrition Series of Academic Press, Nutrition Reviews, Journal of Nutrition, and California Agriculture. Dr. Schneeman's professional honors include the Samuel Cate Prescott award for research, the Future Leader Award, and several honorary lectureships. She received her B.S. in food science and technology from the University of California, Davis; Ph.D. in nutrition from the University of California, Berkeley; and postdoctoral training in gastrointestinal physiology at Children's Hospital in Oakland. Dr. Schneeman's research areas include fat absorption, complex carbohydrates, and gastrointestinal function, and she has a strong interest in and appreciation for nutritional issues that affect women throughout the life cycle.

ROBERT O. NESHEIM (Vice Chair) was vice president of Research and Development and later Science and Technology for the Quaker Oats Company until 1983. Before his retirement in 1992, he was vice president of Science and Technology and president of the Advanced Health Care Division of Avadyne, Inc. During World War II, he served as Captain in the U.S. Army. Dr. Nesheim



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D Biographical Sketches BARBARA O. SCHNEEMAN (Chair) serves as dean, College of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences, and professor of nutrition in the Departments of Nutrition and of Food Science and Technology and in the Division of Clinical Nutrition and Metabolism (School of Medicine), University of California, Davis. Her professional activities include membership on the Dietary Guidelines Advisory Committee, the Board of Trustees of the International Life Sciences Institute America, and editorial boards for Proceedings of the Society of Experimental Biology and Medicine, Food and Nutrition Series of Academic Press, Nutrition Reviews, Journal of Nutrition, and California Agriculture. Dr. Schneeman's professional honors include the Samuel Cate Prescott award for research, the Future Leader Award, and several honorary lectureships. She received her B.S. in food science and technology from the University of California, Davis; Ph.D. in nutrition from the University of California, Berkeley; and postdoctoral training in gastrointestinal physiology at Children's Hospital in Oakland. Dr. Schneeman's research areas include fat absorption, complex carbohydrates, and gastrointestinal function, and she has a strong interest in and appreciation for nutritional issues that affect women throughout the life cycle. ROBERT O. NESHEIM (Vice Chair) was vice president of Research and Development and later Science and Technology for the Quaker Oats Company until 1983. Before his retirement in 1992, he was vice president of Science and Technology and president of the Advanced Health Care Division of Avadyne, Inc. During World War II, he served as Captain in the U.S. Army. Dr. Nesheim

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has served on the Institute of Medicine's Food and Nutrition Board, currently chairing the Committee on Military Nutrition Research and formerly chairing the Committee on Food Consumption Patterns and serving as a member of several other committees. He also was active in the Biosciences Information Service (as board chairman), American Medical Association, American Institute of Nutrition, Institute of Food Technologists, and Food Reviews International editorial board. Dr. Nesheim's academic services included professor and head of the Department of Animal Science at the University of Illinois, Urbana. He is a fellow of the American Institute of Nutrition and American Association for the Advancement of Science and a member of several professional organizations. Dr. Nesheim holds a B.S. in agriculture, an M.S. in animal science, and a Ph.D. in nutrition and animal science from the University of Illinois. JOHN P. BILEZIKIAN is presently chief, Division of Endocrinology, and director, Metabolic Bone Diseases Program, Department of Medicine, and professor of medicine and pharmacology, College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University, New York. Dr. Bilezikian received his M.D. from the College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University. He is board certified in internal medicine as well as in endocrinology and metabolism. Most recently, he served as chair for the National Institutes of Health (NIH) Consensus Development Conference on Optimal Calcium Intake and as a member of an NIH special study section on Basic Osteoporosis: New Experimental Strategies (BONES Initiative). He also chaired the Command Osteoporosis Integration Panel for the U.S. Army Medical Research and Materiel Command. He was editor-in-chief for The Parathyroids: Basic and Clinical Concepts, associate editor for Principles and Practice of Endocrinology and Metabolism, and editor for Principles of Bone Biology and has authored over 275 papers on topics of metabolic bone disease and disorders of mineral metabolism. NANCY F. BUTTE is associate professor of pediatrics, Children's Nutrition Research Center, Department of Pediatrics, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas. She is a current member of the International Dietary Energy Consultancy Group Steering Committee, Executive Committee for the International Society for Research on Human Milk and Lactation, and Society for International Nutrition Research and a former member of the Institute of Medicine Subcommittee on Nutritional Status and Weight Gain during Pregnancy and of the Expert WHO Committee on Physical Status: The Use and Interpretation of Anthropometry. Dr. Butte received her B.S. in food and nutritional sciences, M.P.H. in public health nutrition, and Ph.D. in nutritional sciences from the University of California, Berkeley, and she is a registered dietitian. Her research experience includes nutritional needs during pregnancy and lactation, including her current focus on military women. STEVEN B. HEYMSFIELD is professor of medicine at Columbia University, College of Physicians and Surgeons in New York. He also currently serves as deputy director of the New York Obesity Research Center and is director of the Human Body Composition Laboratory. Dr. Heymsfield is immediate past president of the American Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition and is an active member of the American Society of Clinical Nutrition and the North American Society for the Study of Obesity. He was recently made an honorary member of the American Dietetic Association. He received his B.A. in chemistry from Hunter College of the City University of New York and his M.D. from Mt. Sinai School of Medicine. Dr. Heymsfield has done extensive research and has clinical experience in the areas of body composition, weight cycling, nutrition, and obesity, especially as they relate to women.

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ANNE LOOKER is senior research epidemiologist, National Center for Health Statistics, Division of Health Examination Statistics, where she serves as the Center's expert consultant on calcium and iron status data for the National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys. She is currently serving as director of research projects for the National Osteoporosis Foundation and is a member of the National Institute of Arthritis, Musculoskeletal, and Skin Diseases (NIAMS) National Osteoporosis Data Group. Dr. Looker received a B.A. in zoology from Miami University and M.S. and Ph.D. degrees in nutrition from the Pennsylvania State University, and she is a registered dietitian. She has done work in areas that are of special concern to women, such as iron nutrition and osteoporosis. GORDON O. MATHESON is associate professor and chief of the Division of Sports Medicine at the Stanford University School of Medicine. He is also the director of the Outpatient Sports Medicine clinics at Stanford. Dr. Matheson is heading Stanford's new Academic Sports Medicine program with the development of clinical, research and teaching components. He received his M.D. from the University of Calgary and his Ph.D. in exercise biochemistry from the University of British Columbia. He is a past president of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine and is currently the editor-in-chief of the Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine. He has served as team physician to the Canadian Olympic Hockey team and the Vancouver Canucks of the National Hockey League and is currently head team physician at Stanford. His research interests include sport and exercise-related injuries and rehabilitation, nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy and imaging of skeletal muscle, and hypoxia and altitude acclimatization. He is the author of more than 45 scientific publications. BONNY L. SPECKER serves as director and chair of the Ethel Austin Martin Endowed Program in Human Nutrition at South Dakota State University. Her professional activities include membership on the Food and Nutrition Board's Panel on Calcium and Related Nutrients and member of several ad hoc National Institutes of Health review panels. She is a member of the Society for Pediatric Research, American Society for Nutritional Sciences, and the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research. She received her B.S. in biology and her Ph.D. in epidemiology from the University of Cincinnati. Dr. Specker's research areas include calcium and vitamin D metabolism in infants and lactating women and the interaction between diet and physical activity on bone mass. GAIL E. BUTTERFIELD (CMNR Liaison) is director of Nutrition Research, Palo Alto Veterans Affairs Health Care System in California. Concurrently, she is lecturer in the Department of Medicine, Stanford University Medical School; visiting assistant professor and co-coordinator of the Health and Human Performance concentration in the Program of Human Biology, Stanford University; and director of nutrition in the Program in Sports Medicine, Stanford University Medical School. Her previous academic appointments were at the University of California, Berkeley. Dr. Butterfield belongs to the American Society for Nutrition Science, American Society for Clinical Nutrition, American Dietetic Association, and American Physiological Society. As a fellow of the American College of Sports Medicine, she serves as chair of the Pronouncements Committee and was recently elected vice president; she also was president and executive director of the Southwest chapter of that organization. She is a member of the Respiratory and Applied Physiology Study Section of the National Institutes of Health and is on the Editorial Boards of the following journals: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, Health and Fitness Journal of ACSM, Canadian Journal of Clinical Sports Medicine, and International Journal of Sports Nutrition. Dr.

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Butterfield earned her A.B. in biological sciences, M.A. in anatomy, and M.S. and Ph.D. in nutrition from the University of California, Berkeley, and she is a registered dietitian. Her current research interests include nutrition in exercise, effect of growth factors on fuel metabolism in the elderly, and metabolic fuel use at rest and during exercise in women exposed to high altitude. JANET C. KING (FNB Liaison) is director, U.S. Department of Agriculture Human Nutrition Research Center, Presidio of San Francisco and professor in the Graduate School, University of California, Berkeley. Prior to her university experience, she worked for the U.S. Department of Defense. She is a member of the Institute of Medicine (IOM) and served as chair of the IOM's Food and Nutrition Board and the Subcommittee on Nutrition Status and Weight Gain during Pregnancy. Dr. King received a B.S. in dietetics from Iowa State University and Ph.D. in nutrition from the University of California, Berkeley; she is a registered dietitian. REBECCA B. COSTELLO (FNB Staff) is Project Director for the Committee on Military Nutrition Research and Committee on Body Composition, Nutrition, and Health of Military Women. Prior to joining the FNB staff, she served as Research Associate and Program Director for the Risk Factor Reduction Center, a referral center for the detection, modification and prevention of cardiovascular disease through dietary and/or drug interventions, at the Washington Adventist Hospital in Takoma Park, Maryland. She received her B.S. and M.S. in Biology from the American University, Washington, D.C., and a Ph.D. in clinical nutrition from the University of Maryland at College Park. She has active membership in the American Institute of Nutrition, American College of Nutrition, American Dietetic Association, and American Heart Association Council on Epidemiology. Dr. Costello's areas of research interest include mineral nutrition, dietary intake methodology, and chronic disease epidemiology. SYDNE J. CARLSON-NEWBERRY (FNB Staff) is Program Officer for the Committee on Military Nutrition Research and Committee on Body Composition, Nutrition, and Health of Military Women. Prior to joining the FNB staff, she served as Project Director for the Women's Health Project and Adjunct Assistant Professor in the Department of Family Medicine, Wright State University School of Medicine; as a behavioral health educator for a hospital-based weight management program in Dayton, Ohio; and as a research associate at The Ohio State University Biotechnology Center. She received her B.A. from Brandeis University and her Ph.D. in Nutritional Biochemistry and Metabolism from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and completed a National Institutes of Health postdoctoral fellowship in the departments of Biochemistry and Molecular Genetics at Ohio State. Dr. Carlson-Newberry's areas of research interest include eating disorders and diabetes management.