has served on the Institute of Medicine's Food and Nutrition Board, currently chairing the Committee on Military Nutrition Research and formerly chairing the Committee on Food Consumption Patterns and serving as a member of several other committees. He also was active in the Biosciences Information Service (as board chairman), American Medical Association, American Institute of Nutrition, Institute of Food Technologists, and Food Reviews International editorial board. Dr. Nesheim's academic services included professor and head of the Department of Animal Science at the University of Illinois, Urbana. He is a fellow of the American Institute of Nutrition and American Association for the Advancement of Science and a member of several professional organizations. Dr. Nesheim holds a B.S. in agriculture, an M.S. in animal science, and a Ph.D. in nutrition and animal science from the University of Illinois.

JOHN P. BILEZIKIAN is presently chief, Division of Endocrinology, and director, Metabolic Bone Diseases Program, Department of Medicine, and professor of medicine and pharmacology, College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University, New York. Dr. Bilezikian received his M.D. from the College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University. He is board certified in internal medicine as well as in endocrinology and metabolism. Most recently, he served as chair for the National Institutes of Health (NIH) Consensus Development Conference on Optimal Calcium Intake and as a member of an NIH special study section on Basic Osteoporosis: New Experimental Strategies (BONES Initiative). He also chaired the Command Osteoporosis Integration Panel for the U.S. Army Medical Research and Materiel Command. He was editor-in-chief for The Parathyroids: Basic and Clinical Concepts, associate editor for Principles and Practice of Endocrinology and Metabolism, and editor for Principles of Bone Biology and has authored over 275 papers on topics of metabolic bone disease and disorders of mineral metabolism.

NANCY F. BUTTE is associate professor of pediatrics, Children's Nutrition Research Center, Department of Pediatrics, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas. She is a current member of the International Dietary Energy Consultancy Group Steering Committee, Executive Committee for the International Society for Research on Human Milk and Lactation, and Society for International Nutrition Research and a former member of the Institute of Medicine Subcommittee on Nutritional Status and Weight Gain during Pregnancy and of the Expert WHO Committee on Physical Status: The Use and Interpretation of Anthropometry. Dr. Butte received her B.S. in food and nutritional sciences, M.P.H. in public health nutrition, and Ph.D. in nutritional sciences from the University of California, Berkeley, and she is a registered dietitian. Her research experience includes nutritional needs during pregnancy and lactation, including her current focus on military women.

STEVEN B. HEYMSFIELD is professor of medicine at Columbia University, College of Physicians and Surgeons in New York. He also currently serves as deputy director of the New York Obesity Research Center and is director of the Human Body Composition Laboratory. Dr. Heymsfield is immediate past president of the American Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition and is an active member of the American Society of Clinical Nutrition and the North American Society for the Study of Obesity. He was recently made an honorary member of the American Dietetic Association. He received his B.A. in chemistry from Hunter College of the City University of New York and his M.D. from Mt. Sinai School of Medicine. Dr. Heymsfield has done extensive research and has clinical experience in the areas of body composition, weight cycling, nutrition, and obesity, especially as they relate to women.

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