Beck, T., C. Ruff, F. Mourtada, R. Shaffer, K. Maxwell-Williams, G. Kao, D. Sartoris, and S. Brodine. 1996. DXA derived structural geometry for stress fracture prediction in male U.S. Marine Corps recruits. J. Bone Miner. Res. 11:645-653.

Bell, N.S., T.W. Mangione, D. Hemenway, P.J. Amoroso, and B.H. Jones. Submitted. High injury rates among female Army trainees: A function of gender?

Bell, 1994. Injury etiology and prevention: selected topics. Doctoral thesis, Harvard School of Public Health.

Bennell, K.L., S.A. Malcolm, S.A. Thomas, S.J. Reid, P.D. Brukner, P.R. Ebeling, and J.D. Wark. 1996. Risk factors for stress fracture in track and field athletes. Am. J. Sports Med. 24:810-818.

Bentley, W. 1978. Policy guidance for organized physical training. Memorandum for the US Army, Europe, and 7th Army, October 30, 1978.

Bilanin, J., M. Blanchard, and E. Russek-Cohen. 1989. Lower vertebral bone density in male long distance runners. Med. Sci. Sports Exerc. 21:66-70.

Boivin, G., C. Anthoine-Terrier, and K.J. Obrant. 1990. Transmission electron microscopy of bone tissue. A review. J. Bone Miner. Res. 5 S1:S185-9.

Bouxsein, M.L., and R. Marcus. 1994. Overview of exercise and bone mass. Rheum. Dis. Clin. North Am. 20:787-802.

Brudvig, T.J., T.D. Grudger, and L. Obermeyer. 1983. Stress fractures in 295 trainees: A 1-year study of incidence related to age, sex, and race. Mil. Med. 148:666-667.

Brukner, P. 1997. Stress fracture among physically active women in the general population. Presentation at the workshop on Reducing Stress Fracture in Physically Active Young Servicemembers, December 10, Washington, D.C.

Brukner, P., and K. Bennell. 1997. Stress fractures in females athletes. Diagnosis, management and rehabilitation. Sports Med. 24(6):419-429.

Buckwalter, J.A., M.J. Glimcher, R.R. Cooper, and R Recker. 1996. Bone biology. I: Structure, blood supply, cells, matrix, and mineralization. Instr. Course Lect. 45:371-86.

Bullen, B.A., G.S. Skrinar, I.Z. Beitins, G. Von Mering, B.A. Trunbull, and J.W. MacArthur. 1985. Induction of menstrual disorders by strenuous exercise in untrained women. N. Engl. J. Med. 312:1349-1353.

Burr, D.B. 1997. Muscle strength, bone mass, and age-related bone loss. J. Bone Miner. Res. 12:1547-1551.

Burrows, H.J. 1956. Fatigue infraction of the middle of the tibia in ballet dancers. J. Bone Joint Surg. 38B:83-94.

Canham, M.L., M.A. McFerren, and B.H. Jones. 1996. The association of injury with physical fitness among men and women in gender integrated basic combat training units. MSMR 2(4):8-10.

Cavanagh, P.R. 1980. The Running Shoe Book. Mountain View, Calif.: Anderson World.

Cavanagh, P.R., and M.A. Lafortune. 1980. Ground reaction forces in distance running. J. Biomech. 13(5):397-406.

Charles, P., F.T. Jensen, L. Mosekilde, and H.H. Hansen. 1983. Calcium metabolism evaluated at 47Cs kinetics: estimation of dermal calcium loss. Clin. Sci. 65(4):415-422.

Charles, P., E.F. Eriksen, C. Hashing, K. Sondergard, and L. Mosekilde. 1991. Dermal, intestinal, and renal obligatory losses of calcium: Relation to skeletal calcium loss. Am. J. Clin. Nutr. 54(suppl):266S-272S.

Chen, Z., T.G. Lohman, W.A. Stini,C. Rittenbaugh, and M. Aickin. 1997. Fat or lean tissue mass: Which one is the major determinant of bone mineral mass in healthy post-menopausal women. J. Bone Miner. Res. 12:144-151.

Clapp III, J.F., and K.D. Little. 1995. The interaction between regular exercise and selected aspects of women's health. Am. J. Obstet. Gynecol. 173:2-9.

Clement, D.B., J.E. Taunton, G.W. Smart, et al. 1981. A survey of overuse running injuries. Phys. Sports med. 9:47-58.

Compston, J., M. Laskey, P. Croucher, A. Coxon, and S. Kreitzman. 1992. Effect of diet-induced weight loss on total body bone mass. Clin. Sci. 82:429-432.

Conover, C.A. 1996. The role of insulin-like growth factors and binding proteins in bone cell biology. Pp. 607-618 in Principles of Bone Biology, J.P. Bilezikian, L.G. Raisz, and G.A. Rodan, eds. San Diego, Calif.: Academic Press.



The National Academies | 500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement