Appendix B
Biographical Sketches of Panel Members

Franklin ''Lynn'' M. Orr, Jr. (Chair), is the Beal Professor and Dean of the School of Earth Sciences at Stanford University. His research interests include multicomponent fluid phase equilibrium and its interactions with multiphase flow in porous media. Previously he served as chairman of the Petroleum Engineering Department at Stanford and held positions at the New Mexico Institute of Mining and Technology, Shell Development Company, and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. He is a member of the Society of Petroleum Engineers, the American Institute of Chemical Engineers, and the Society of Industrial and Applied Mathematics. He is vice-chairman of the board of directors of the Monterey Bay Aquarium Research Institute and chairman of the Science Advisory Committee for the David and Lucile Packard Foundation Fellowships in Science and Engineering.

Vicki J. Cowart is the state geologist and director of the Colorado Geological Survey, the scientific agency within the Colorado Department of Natural Resources that has three primary technical programs relating to hazards and resources, and an educational and outreach effort. Previously, she worked in the oil and gas industry for 16 years. Cowart serves on the editorial board of Geotimes. She was a member of the Colorado School of Mines Visiting Committee to the Geophysics Department and a director and officer of the Colorado School of Mines Alumni Association. She has been active in the Denver Geophysical Society, serving as both editor and treasurer, and the Society of Exploration Geophysicists. She helped found the Denver chapter of the Association for Women Geoscientists and served as the association's first nationally elected



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--> Appendix B Biographical Sketches of Panel Members Franklin ''Lynn'' M. Orr, Jr. (Chair), is the Beal Professor and Dean of the School of Earth Sciences at Stanford University. His research interests include multicomponent fluid phase equilibrium and its interactions with multiphase flow in porous media. Previously he served as chairman of the Petroleum Engineering Department at Stanford and held positions at the New Mexico Institute of Mining and Technology, Shell Development Company, and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. He is a member of the Society of Petroleum Engineers, the American Institute of Chemical Engineers, and the Society of Industrial and Applied Mathematics. He is vice-chairman of the board of directors of the Monterey Bay Aquarium Research Institute and chairman of the Science Advisory Committee for the David and Lucile Packard Foundation Fellowships in Science and Engineering. Vicki J. Cowart is the state geologist and director of the Colorado Geological Survey, the scientific agency within the Colorado Department of Natural Resources that has three primary technical programs relating to hazards and resources, and an educational and outreach effort. Previously, she worked in the oil and gas industry for 16 years. Cowart serves on the editorial board of Geotimes. She was a member of the Colorado School of Mines Visiting Committee to the Geophysics Department and a director and officer of the Colorado School of Mines Alumni Association. She has been active in the Denver Geophysical Society, serving as both editor and treasurer, and the Society of Exploration Geophysicists. She helped found the Denver chapter of the Association for Women Geoscientists and served as the association's first nationally elected

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--> president. She was treasurer of the Association for Women Geoscientists Foundation and is an adviser to the foundation. As a state geologist, Cowart is active in the Association of American State Geologists. She was on the National Cooperative Geologic Mapping Program Peer Review Panel and is the association's treasurer. Cowart received her B.S. in physics from Worcester Polytechnic Institute and her M.S. in geophysics from the Colorado School of Mines. John C. Crelling is a professor of geology and leader of the Coal Characterization and Maceral Separation Laboratories at Southern Illinois University in Carbondale. He has previously held the positions of captain in the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers and manager of the Coal and Coke Laboratories at the Homer Research Laboratory of the Bethlehem Steel Corporation. His research interests include the petrology of coals, kerogens, cokes, carbons, and graphites as well as forensic geology. He is a fellow of the Geological Society of America and Sigma Xi, a member of the American Chemical Society, and past president of the Society for Organic Petrology. Joel Darmstadter is a senior fellow and resident consultant, Energy and Natural Resources Division, at Resources for the Future (RFF) in Washington, D.C. Since joining RFF, his research and publications have centered particularly on energy resources and policy. In recent years, he has focused as well on issues of climate change, sustainability, and productivity in natural resource sectors. He has served on a number of National Research Council bodies, as well as contributing to several NRC studies. Darmstadter has been an adjunct faculty member of the School of Advanced International Studies, Johns Hopkins University (1983–1993); was a member of the editorial committee of the Annual Review of Energy (1975–1986); and has been a contributing editor to Environment magazine since 1979. In the fall of 1995, he presented a series of lectures in Argentina under the auspices of the U.S. Information Agency. During 1997, he served as a member of an evaluation team, assessing the performance of the Department of Energy-sponsored National Institute of Global Environmental Change. Darmstadter's economics degrees are from George Washington University and the New School for Social Research. Charles G. "Chip" Groat is associate vice-president for research and sponsored projects and a professor of geological sciences at the University of Texas at El Paso. His experience and research interests are in resource assessment and resource development environmental impacts. He has carried out studies in these areas for Gulf Coast lignite; geopressured-geothermal fluids; uranium; and oil and gas in coastal zones, the outer continental shelf and offshore Alaska. He is fellow and council member of the Geological Society of America. He is a member of the American Association of Petroleum Geologists, the American Geophysical Union, and the Board on Earth Sciences and Resources of the

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--> National Research Council. He served 12 years as state geologist and director of the Louisiana Geological Survey. On July 30, 1998, President Clinton announced his intention to nominate Dr. Groat to serve as director of the U.S. Geological Survey. Claudia J. Hackbarth is staff research engineer at Shell E&P Technology Company, managing a group researching unconventional resources. She holds a bachelor's degree in environmental sciences from the University of Virginia, and master's and Ph.D. degrees from Harvard University in geological sciences. Previous Shell and other projects have included research on stratigraphy of turbidites, geophysical interpretation, groundwater contamination, hydrothermal ore deposits, nuclear waste disposal, and oil and gas development geology. She is a certified petroleum geologist (certificate No. 5174), a member of the American Association of Petroleum Geologists, and a fellow of the Geological Society of America (GSA). She has a strong interest in policy applications of geological information, including a three-year term on GSA's Committee on Geology and Public Policy. William N. Poundstone is a retired executive vice-president and director of Consolidation Coal Company. He currently serves as a consultant to the mining industry. During the first half of his career, he held positions at all levels of mine operation of his company, from timberman to vice-president of operations. He was then named executive vice-president and given the responsibility for all engineering, exploration, land environmental, planning, mining research, and new mine development activities. He is an honorary member of the American Institute of Mining, Metallurgical, and Petroleum Engineers, and a member of the Society of Mining Engineers and the National Academy of Engineering. He has served as spokesman for the coal industry at a number of congressional hearings and was a participant in three major national energy studies. Raymond A. Price a professor of geological sciences at Queen's University, Kingston, Ontario. His research interests include structural geology and tectonics, environmental geoscience, radioactive waste disposal, and science and public policy. His previous positions include assistant deputy minister of the Department of Energy, Mines and Resources (Canada); director-general of the Geological Survey of Canada; president of the Geological Society of America; and president of the Inter-Union Commission on the Lithosphere (International Council of Scientific Unions). He is a fellow of the Royal Society of Canada and the American Association for the Advancement of Science, and a foreign associate of the National Academy of Sciences. Reginal Spiller is the senior vice-president for exploration and production at Frontera Resources Corporation in Houston, Texas. The company has activities

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--> in Bolivia, Azerbaijan, and the Republic of Georgia. Prior to his employment, he was deputy assistant secretary for gas and petroleum technologies at the U.S. Department of Energy, where he managed the development and demonstration of advanced technologies for natural gas and petroleum exploration, production, and delivery. Prior to joining DOE, Spiller was the international exploration manager for Maxus Energy Corporation, where he identified projects for oil and gas exploration and production in Africa, Europe, and the Middle East. He began his oil and gas career with Exxon USA in Houston, Texas. He holds an M.S. in hydrogeology from the Pennsylvania State University and a B.A.S.S. in geology from the State University of New York. John E. Tilton is the William J. Coulter Professor of Mineral Economics and director of the Division of Economics and Business at the Colorado School of Mines. He is also a university fellow at Resources for the Future and a past president of the Mineral Economics and Management Society. His teaching and research interests over the past 25 years have focused on economic and public policy issues associated with the mineral industries. He has served as vice-chair of the NRC's Board on Mineral and Energy Resources and as a member of a number of other NRC boards and committees. Noel Tyler is director of the Bureau of Economic Geology at the University of Texas at Austin and state geologist of Texas. His work has focused on oil resources, with detailed reservoir characterization studies of major reservoirs statewide and of outcrop analogues in the western United States. He has published more than 60 articles, bulletins, and reports. He has a B.Sc., a B.Sc. with honors, and an M.Sc., cum laude, from the University of Witwatersrand, South Africa, and a Ph.D. from Colorado State University, all in geology. He is a member of the American Association of Petroleum Geologists, the Society of Petroleum Engineers, and the Society for Sedimentary Geology and is a fellow of the Geological Society of America. In 1994, he was selected the honor alumnus of the College of Forestry and Natural Sciences at Colorado State University. Anthony R. de Souza (Staff) is currently a senior program officer at the National Research Council in Washington, D.C. Previously, he was executive director of the National Geography Standards Project, secretary general of the 27th International Geographical Union Congress, editor of National Geographic Research & Exploration, and editor of the Journal of Geography. He has held positions as a professor and as a visiting teacher and scholar at the George Washington University, University of Wisconsin-Eau Claire, University of Minnesota, University of California-Berkeley, and University of Dar es Salaam in Tanzania. He has served as a member of NRC committees. He holds B.A. (honors) and Ph.D.

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--> degrees from the University of Reading in England, and has received numerous honors and awards, including the Medalla al Benito Juarez in 1992 and the Gilbert Grosvenor honors award from the Association of American Geographers in 1996. His research interests include the processes and mechanisms of economic development and human-environment relationships. He has published several books and more than 100 articles, reports, and reviews.

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