the Charles R. Drew University of Medicine and Science. He currently holds professorships in obstetrics and gynecology at the University of California, Los Angeles and Dartmouth Schools of Medicine. He was chief-of-service, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology at King/Drew Medical Center in Los Angeles (1971–1996). He was a Robert Wood Johnson Health Policy Fellow at the IOM (1979–1980), during which time he served as a health adviser to Senator Bill Bradley of New Jersey. He has served on a number of IOM–National Academy of Sciences (NAS) study committees on issues of national health policy and has worked with government and private organizations in this regard. He has served the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists as President (1990–1991) and national secretary for six years. His other major organizational responsibilities have included chair of the Board of Trustees of the National Medical Association and president of the Association of Professors of Gynecology and Obstetrics. He has chaired the Secretary's Advisory Committee on Infant Mortality (U.S. Department Health and Human Services) and the Advisory Committee for Reproductive Health Drugs of the Food and Drug Administration (FDA). He serves on the National Institutes of Health (NIH) Advisory Committee to the Director and the Advisory Committee on Clinical Research. He is a member of the Council on Graduate Medical Education (COGME) and the California Wellness Foundation's Board of Directors. He has been elected to the National Black College Alumni Hall of Fame, Fellowship ad eundem, Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists, and the IOM.

Fred Battaglia, M.D., graduated from Cornell University (B.A.) and Yale University School of Medicine. After service as a medical intern at Johns Hopkins Hospital, he spent two years doing research in the Department of Biochemistry in Cambridge, England, and the Department of Physiology at Yale University School of Medicine. His served his residency at Johns Hopkins University after which he completed a fellowship in the Laboratory of Perinatal Physiology in San Juan, Puerto Rico. He has been a professor of pediatrics and obstetrics-gynecology at the University of Colorado School of Medicine since 1969 and served as the chairman of the Department of Pediatrics from 1974 to 1988. He was elected to the Institute of Medicine in 1986. He has served on advisory committees to the March of Dimes; the Joseph P. Kennedy, Jr., Foundation; the National Institutes of Health, and several foundations. He is a member of several editorial boards.

Ronald S. Brookmeyer, Ph.D., is professor in the Department of Biostatistics at the Johns Hopkins University School of Hygiene and Public Health. He has a Ph.D. in statistics from the University of Wisconsin. He has authored more than 90 scientific articles and books in biostatistics, epidemiologic methods, and AIDS and is coauthor of the book entitled AIDS Epidemiology: A Quantitative Approach.

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