Conclusion

The current revolution that is taking place in our health care system, as well as the complexities in its structure and funding, both challenge our efforts to institute effective policies for reducing perinatal HIV transmission and provide new opportunities. While multiple efforts have been made to inform providers and promote strategies for reducing perinatal transmission, more needs to be done. There is a need for a broader dissemination of more explicit guidance, the development of incentives for prevention efforts, and identification and maximization of opportunities for intervention.

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